Daily Archives: 3 avril 2017

On 3 April in Asian history

ON 3 APRIL IN ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…), type “On (day + month) in Asian history »

Updated on April 3, 2017

78: Origin of Saka Era in India
http://www.indianetzone.com/21/the_saka_era_or_sakabda.htm

1680: Death of Shivaji, founder of the Maratha Empire in 1674, born on 19 February 1627
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shivaji
http://www.culturalindia.net/indian-history/shivaji.html

1781: Birth of Swaminarayan Indian religious leader, whodied on June 1, 1830
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swaminarayan

1883: Birth of Ikki Kita, Japanese author, intellectual and political philosopher, executed on August 19, 1937
http://www.fsmitha.com/h2/phil-kita.htm
http://www.japansociety.org.uk/992/kita-ikki-and-the-making-of-modern-japan-a-vision-of-empire/

1914: Birth of Sam Manekshaw, Indian Field Marshal, who died on June 27, 2008
http://www.thefamouspeople.com/profiles/sam-manekshaw-5310.php
http://www.indiandefencereview.com/spotlights/sam-manekshaw-on-leadership-and-discipline/
http://www.mapsofindia.com/on-this-day/3-april-1914-sam-manekshaw-indian-army-chief-was-born

Sam Manekshaw

1929: Birth of Fazlur Rahman Khan, Bangladeshi American civil engineer known for his innovations in high-rise building constructions who died on 27 March 1982
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fazlur_Khan

1939 : Birth of Catalino Ortiz Brocka, better known as Lino Brocka, one of the greatest film directors of the Philippines and National Artist for Films (1997), who died in a car accident on May 21, 1991
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lino_Brocka
http://kahimyang.info/kauswagan/articles/1054/today-in-philippine-history-april-3-1939-lino-brocka-was-born-in-pilar-sorsogon
http://theculturetrip.com/asia/philippines/articles/lino-brocka-the-philippines-greatest-director/

1942: Japanese forces begin an uge assault on the United States and Filipino troops of the Orion-Bagac Line in the Bataan Peninsula which will surrender on April 9
http://ftp.wikipilipinas.org/index.php/Battle_of_Bataan

Bataan peninsula1942-04-03 Orion-Bacac Line attack

1946: General Masaharu Homma who led the Battle of the Philippines, condemned to dead, is executed by firing squad
http://ww2db.com/person_bio.php?person_id=108

1946-04-03 General Tomoyuki Yamashita is executed

1948: In Jeju (South Korea) a civil-war-like period of violence and human rights abuse begins known as the Jeju massacre
http://kontrasaceh.blogspot.com/2006/04/43-jeju-massacre.html
http://www.historychannel.com.au/classroom/day-in-history/532/jeju-massacre

1952: Birth of K. Krishnasamy, Indian politician,Physician
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/K._Krishnasamy

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uIXvY3NqGdg&feature=youtube_gdata

1955: Birth of Hariharan, Indian singer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hariharan_(singer)

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=A0gDqUvceCY

1956: After the resignation of Norodom Sihanouk Vice-Premier Khim Tit is sworn in as new Prime Minister of Cambodia, up to 29 July

1957: Death of Kobayashi Kokei, Japanese painter born on February 11, 1883
http://jyuluck-do.com/profile_kobayashi_kokei.html
http://www.artfinding.com/43268/Biography/Kokei-Kobayashi?LANG=an
 https://www.google.fr/search?q=Kobayashi+Kokei&hl=fr&rlz=1G1ACAW_FRFR414&prmd=imvns&source=lnms&tbm=isch&ei=sNJ5T4-GO-LB0QXWs4yUDQ&sa=X&oi=mode_link&ct=mode&cd=2&ved=0CBQQ_AUoAQ&biw=630&bih=404

Kobayashi Kokei 2

1962: Birth of Jaya Prada, Indian Actress
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jayaprada
http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0419685/bio

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZXBgI13QnIc

1963: Birth of Tsuyoshi Sekito, Japanese composer
http://finalfantasy.wikia.com/wiki/Tsuyoshi_Sekito

1965: Signature of a draft agreement, which addressed the question of fisheries, South Korean property claims and the legal status of Koreans living in Japan, between the Republic of Korea and Japan

1965: Birth of Nazia Hassan, first South Asian pop singer, who died on 13 August 2000 of lung cancer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nazia_Hassan

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7j74NECU6jQ

1966: Birth of Mina Tominaga, Japanese seiyu (voice actress)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Miina_Tominaga

1968: North Vietnam agrees to meet with U.S. representatives to set up preliminary peace talks

1969: In the Vietnam War, US secretary Defense Melvin Laird announces that the USA will start to «vietnamize» the war effort
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/nixon-administration-will-vietnamize-the-war
http://www.history.com/topics/vietnam-war/vietnamization

1972: Nixon orders response to North Vietnamese invasion
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/nixon-orders-response-to-north-vietnamese-invasion

1973: Birth of Prabhu Deva,Indian dancer, choreographer, film actor and director
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prabhu_Deva
http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0222150/

1974: After ten years, Prince Souphanouvong, leader of Pathet Lao comes back to Vientiane
https://www.questia.com/read/1E1-Souphano/souphanouvong-prince

Prince Souphanouvong

1975: In South Vietnam, start of the Operation Babylift to save thousands of orphans and evacuate them out of Vietnam
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Babylift
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/8591470.stm

1975-04-03 Opération Babylift

1978: Birth of Park Si-hoo, South Korean actor
http://www.dramafever.com/park-shi-hoo/actor/116/
http://parksihoo4u.com/

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SB6WeLgab2M

1979: China denounces the Amity treaty signed with Soviet Union in 1950

1984: Sikh terrorists kill a member of the Indian Parliament in his home

1985: Beginning of the fourth official withdrawal of Vietnamese troops from Cambodia, totaling 15,000 soldiers

1987: Birth of Park Jung Min, Korean singer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Park_Jung_Min

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=V05AtNRBS0Q

1992: The Chinese-National People’s Congress approved the Three Gorges dam project, the largest hydroelectric dam in the world
https://www.mtholyoke.edu/~lpohara/
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/3398.html

Barrage des Trois-Gorges carte

1999: Beginning of massacres in East Timor by militiamen opposing independence

2005: Beginning of huge anti-Japan demonstrations in China, officially against the reprinting of an revisionist history book, in fact to oppose the Japanese candidacy for a standing seat at the Security Council of the United Nations
http://wikivisually.com/wiki/2005_anti-Japanese_demonstrations

Japon 2005-04-12 caricature

2006: Death of Genzo Murakami, Japanese writer, born on March 14, 1910
http://alt.obituaries.narkive.com/287Tzt4L/japanese-novelist-genzo-murakami-dies-of-heart-failure-at-96
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Genz%C5%8D_Murakami

Genzo Murakami

2009: Najib Razak is sworn in as Malaysia’s sixth prime minister. He took the oath of office in front of the Malaysian king at a ceremony at the palace broadcast live on national television


http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ONmpQD-4bbk

2009: At least two Thai soldiers have been killed and up to 10 others wounded in a clash between Thailand and Cambodia’s troops on a disputed stretch of the shared border, the latest in a long-running feud over a 900-year-old Hindu ruin
http://english.aljazeera.net/news/asia-pacific/2009/04/2009439393639316.html

2012: Leaders of the Association of South East Asian Nations (Asean), meeting in Cambodia, have called for economic sanctions against Burma to be lifted
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-17599929

2013: Malaysian Prime Minister Najib Razak dissolves parliament ahead of a general election
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/asia-pacific/2013/04/20134343738431861.html

2013: North Korea block South Koreans from crossing the heavily armed border to a jointly-operated industrial park, raising doubt about the future of the last remaining major symbol of inter-Korean cooperation
http://www.nytimes.com/2013/04/04/world/asia/north-korea-blocks-workers-from-south-at-border.html?ref=asia&_r=0
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/asia-pacific/2013/04/20134304954907439.html

2014: Pakistan’s former military ruler Pervez Musharraf narrowly escapes an assassination attempt as a bomb went off along a route on which his convoy was due to pass
http://www.france24.com/en/20140403-pakistan-musharraf-survives-assassination-attempt/

2016: Maldives police arrest 16 independent journalists while breaking up their demonstration against an alleged crackdown on freedom of speech in the politically troubled nation
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/2016/04/maldives-police-arrest-reporters-press-freedom-rally-160403133751586.html
 

 

 

Wars, conflicts and strategy on 3 April in Asian history

1975-04-03 Opération Babylift

WARS, CONFLICTS AND STRATEGY ON 3 APRIL IN ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “conflicts and strategy on (date + month) in Asian history”

Updated on April 3, 2017

1942: Japanese forces begin an uge assault on the United States and Filipino troops of the Orion-Bagac Line in the Bataan Peninsula which will surrender on April 9
http://ftp.wikipilipinas.org/index.php/Battle_of_Bataan

Bataan peninsula1942-04-03 Orion-Bacac Line attack

1946: General Masaharu Homma who led the Battle of the Philippines, condemned to dead, is executed by firing squad
http://ww2db.com/person_bio.php?person_id=108

1946-04-03 General Tomoyuki Yamashita is executed

1948: In Jeju (South Korea) a civil-war-like period of violence and human rights abuse begins known as the Jeju massacre
http://kontrasaceh.blogspot.com/2006/04/43-jeju-massacre.html
http://www.historychannel.com.au/classroom/day-in-history/532/jeju-massacre

1968: North Vietnam agreed to meet with U.S. representatives to set up preliminary peace talks

1969: In the Vietnam War, US secretary Defense Melvin Laird announces that the USA will start to «vietnamize» the war effort
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/nixon-administration-will-vietnamize-the-war
http://www.history.com/topics/vietnam-war/vietnamization

1972: Nixon orders response to North Vietnamese invasion
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/nixon-orders-response-to-north-vietnamese-invasion

1975: In South Vietnam, start of the Operation Babylift to save thousands of orphans and evacuate them out of Vietnam
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Babylift
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/8591470.stm

1975-04-03 Opération Babylift

1979: China denounces the Amity treaty signed with Soviet Union in 1950

1984: Sikh terrorists kill a member of the Indian Parliament in his home

1985: Beginning of the fourth official withdrawal of Vietnamese troops from Cambodia, totaling 15,000 soldiers

1999: Beginning of massacres in East Timor by militiamen opposing independence

2005: Beginning of huge anti-Japan demonstrations in China, officially against the reprinting of an revisionist history book, in fact to oppose the Japanese candidacy for a standing seat at the Security Council of the United Nations
http://wikivisually.com/wiki/2005_anti-Japanese_demonstrations

Japon 2005-04-12 caricature

2009: At least two Thai soldiers have been killed and up to 10 others wounded in a clash between Thailand and Cambodia’s troops on a disputed stretch of the shared border, the latest in a long-running feud over a 900-year-old Hindu ruin
http://english.aljazeera.net/news/asia-pacific/2009/04/2009439393639316.html

On 3 April in South Asian history

ON 3 APRIL IN SOUTH ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in South Asian history”

Updated on April 3, 2017

78: Origin of Saka Era in India
http://www.indianetzone.com/21/the_saka_era_or_sakabda.htm

1680: Death of Shivaji, founder of the Maratha Empire in 1674, born on 19 February 1627
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shivaji
http://www.culturalindia.net/indian-history/shivaji.html

1781: Birth of Swaminarayan Indian religious leader, whodied on June 1, 1830
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swaminarayan

1914: Birth of Sam Manekshaw, Indian Field Marshal, who died on June 27, 2008
http://www.thefamouspeople.com/profiles/sam-manekshaw-5310.php
http://www.indiandefencereview.com/spotlights/sam-manekshaw-on-leadership-and-discipline/
http://www.mapsofindia.com/on-this-day/3-april-1914-sam-manekshaw-indian-army-chief-was-born

Sam Manekshaw

1929: Birth of Fazlur Rahman Khan, Bangladeshi American civil engineer known for his innovations in high-rise building constructions who died on 27 March 1982
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fazlur_Khan

1952: Birth of K. Krishnasamy, Indian politician and physician
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/K._Krishnasamy

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uIXvY3NqGdg&feature=youtube_gdata

1955: Birth of Hariharan, Indian singer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hariharan_(singer)

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=A0gDqUvceCY

1962: Birth of Jaya Prada, Indian Actress
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jayaprada
http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0419685/bio

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZXBgI13QnIc

1965: Birth of Nazia Hassan, first South Asian pop singer, who died on 13 August 2000 of lung cancer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nazia_Hassan

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7j74NECU6jQ

1973: Birth of Prabhu Deva,Indian dancer, choreographer, film actor and director
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prabhu_Deva
http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0222150/

1984: Sikh terrorists kill a member of the Indian Parliament in his home

2014: Pakistan’s former military ruler Pervez Musharraf narrowly escapes an assassination attempt as a bomb went off along a route on which his convoy was due to pass
http://www.france24.com/en/20140403-pakistan-musharraf-survives-assassination-attempt/

2016: Maldives police arrest 16 independent journalists while breaking up their demonstration against an alleged crackdown on freedom of speech in the politically troubled nation
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/2016/04/maldives-police-arrest-reporters-press-freedom-rally-160403133751586.html

On 3 April in Southeast Asian history

1975-04-03 Opération Babylift

ON 3 APRIL IN SOUTHEAST ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Southeast Asian history”

Updated on April 3, 2017

1939 : Birth of Catalino Ortiz Brocka, better known as Lino Brocka, one of the greatest film directors of the Philippines and National Artist for Films (1997), who died in a car accident on May 21, 1991
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lino_Brocka
http://kahimyang.info/kauswagan/articles/1054/today-in-philippine-history-april-3-1939-lino-brocka-was-born-in-pilar-sorsogon
http://theculturetrip.com/asia/philippines/articles/lino-brocka-the-philippines-greatest-director/

1942: Japanese forces begin an uge assault on the United States and Filipino troops of the Orion-Bagac Line in the Bataan Peninsula which will surrender on April 9
http://ftp.wikipilipinas.org/index.php/Battle_of_Bataan

Bataan peninsula1942-04-03 Orion-Bacac Line attack


1946: General Masaharu Homma who led the Battle of the Philippines, condemned to dead, is executed by firing squad
http://www.answers.com/topic/masaharu-homma

1956: After the resignation of Norodom Sihanouk Vice-Premier Khim Tit is sworn in as new Prime Minister of Cambodia, up to 29 July

1968: North Vietnam agreed to meet with U.S. representatives to set up preliminary peace talks

1969: In the Vietnam War, US secretary Defense Melvin Laird announces that the USA will start to «vietnamize» the war effort
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/nixon-administration-will-vietnamize-the-war
http://www.history.com/topics/vietnam-war/vietnamization

1972: Nixon orders response to North Vietnamese invasion
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/nixon-orders-response-to-north-vietnamese-invasion

1974: After ten years, Prince Souphanouvong, leader of Pathet Lao comes back to Vientiane
https://www.questia.com/read/1E1-Souphano/souphanouvong-prince

Prince Souphanouvong

1975: In South Vietnam, start of the Operation Babylift to save thousands of orphans and evacuate them out of Vietnam
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Babylift
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/8591470.stm

1975-04-03 Opération Babylift

1985: Beginning of the fourth official withdrawal of Vietnamese troops from Cambodia, totaling 15,000 soldiers

1999: Beginning of massacres in East Timor by militiamen opposing independence

2009: Najib Razak is sworn in as Malaysia’s sixth prime minister. He took the oath of office in front of the Malaysian king at a ceremony at the palace broadcast live on national television


http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ONmpQD-4bbk

2009: At least two Thai soldiers have been killed and up to 10 others wounded in a clash between Thailand and Cambodia’s troops on a disputed stretch of the shared border, the latest in a long-running feud over a 900-year-old Hindu ruin
http://english.aljazeera.net/news/asia-pacific/2009/04/2009439393639316.html

2012: Leaders of the Association of South East Asian Nations (Asean), meeting in Cambodia, have called for economic sanctions against Burma to be lifted
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-17599929

2013: Malaysian Prime Minister Najib Razak dissolves parliament ahead of a general election
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/asia-pacific/2013/04/20134343738431861.html

On 3 April in Japan’s history

Japon 2005-04-12 caricature

ON 3 APRIL IN JAPAN’S HISTORY

Updated on April 3, 2017

1883: Birth of Ikki Kita, Japanese author, intellectual and political philosopher, executed on August 19, 1937
http://www.fsmitha.com/h2/phil-kita.htm
http://www.japansociety.org.uk/992/kita-ikki-and-the-making-of-modern-japan-a-vision-of-empire/

1942: Japanese forces begin an uge assault on the United States and Filipino troops of the Orion-Bagac Line in the Bataan Peninsula which will surrender on April 9
http://ftp.wikipilipinas.org/index.php/Battle_of_Bataan

Bataan peninsula1942-04-03 Orion-Bacac Line attack


1946: General Masaharu Homma who led the Battle of the Philippines, condemned to dead, is executed by firing squad
http://ww2db.com/person_bio.php?person_id=108

1946-04-03 General Tomoyuki Yamashita is executed

1957: Death of Kobayashi Kokei, Japanese painter born on February 11, 1883
http://jyuluck-do.com/profile_kobayashi_kokei.html
http://www.artfinding.com/43268/Biography/Kokei-Kobayashi?LANG=an
https://www.google.fr/search?q=Kobayashi+Kokei&hl=fr&rlz=1G1ACAW_FRFR414&prmd=imvns&source=lnms&tbm=isch&ei=sNJ5T4-GO-LB0QXWs4yUDQ&sa=X&oi=mode_link&ct=mode&cd=2&ved=0CBQQ_AUoAQ&biw=630&bih=404

Kobayashi Kokei

1963: Birth of Tsuyoshi Sekito, Japanese composer
http://finalfantasy.wikia.com/wiki/Tsuyoshi_Sekito

1965: Signature of a draft agreement, which addressed the question of fisheries, South Korean property claims and the legal status of Koreans living in Japan, between the Republic of Korea and Japan

1966: Birth of Mina Tominaga, Japanese seiyu (voice actress)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Miina_Tominaga

2005: Beginning of huge anti-Japan demonstrations in China, officially against the reprinting of an revisionist history book, in fact to oppose the Japanese candidacy for a standing seat at the Security Council of the United Nations
http://wikivisually.com/wiki/2005_anti-Japanese_demonstrations

Japon 2005-04-12 caricature

2006: Death of Genzo Murakami, Japanese writer, born on March 14, 1910
http://alt.obituaries.narkive.com/287Tzt4L/japanese-novelist-genzo-murakami-dies-of-heart-failure-at-96
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Genz%C5%8D_Murakami

Genzo Murakami

 

On 3 April in Chinese history, Hong Kong and Taiwan

Japon 2005-04-12 caricature

ON 3 APRIL IN CHINESE HISTORY, HONG KONG AND TAIWAN

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Chinese history”

Updated on April 3, 2017

1979: China denounces the Amity treaty signed with Soviet Union in 1950

1992: The Chinese-National People’s Congress approved the Three Gorges dam project, the largest hydroelectric dam in the world
https://www.mtholyoke.edu/~lpohara/
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/3398.html

Barrage des Trois-Gorges carte

2005: Beginning of huge anti-Japan demonstrations in China, officially against the reprinting of an revisionist history book, in fact to oppose the Japanese candidacy for a standing seat at the Security Council of the United Nations
http://wikivisually.com/wiki/2005_anti-Japanese_demonstrations

Japon 2005-04-12 caricature