Daily Archives: 20 mars 2017

On 20 March in Asian history

ON 20 MARCH IN ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…), type “On (day + month) in Asian history »

Updated on March 20, 2017

673: Emperor Tenmu of Japan assumes the Chrysanthemum throne at the Palace of Kiyomihara in Asuka
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emperor_Tenmu

1127: Jin troops summon the Song emperor Qinzong and his father Huizong, two captured emperors, to their camps on a directive from Taizong. Beginning of weeks of looting, rapes, arson and execution of prisoners of war and civilians

1181: Death of Taira no Kiyomori, famous Japanese general, born in 1118
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taira_no_Kiyomori

1351: Death of Mohammed ibn-Tughluq, sultan of Delhi since 1324. Born in 1290 http://www.newindianexpress.com/education/student/article1377184.ece
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muhammad_bin_Tughluq
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1U8K_XTGoq0

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5I43PJh_aT8

1602: The Dutch East India Company (VOC) is established
https://www.rijksmuseum.nl/en/explore-the-collection/timeline-dutch-history/1602-trade-with-the-east-voc
http://www.mapsofindia.com/on-this-day/20-march-1602-the-dutch-east-india-company-was-established
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PFbR5mc3AaQ
 VOC

1736: Birth of Chao Phraya Chakri who founded the current Chakri dynasty in Thailand in April 1782 (Rama I) and died in September 1809
http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Rama_I
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rama_I

1739: Nader Shah occupies Delhi and sacks the city, stealing the jewel of the Peacock Throne. 30,000 civilians are killed
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nader_Shah’s_invasion_of_Mughal_India
http://www.iranchamber.com/history/afsharids/afsharids.php
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Takht_e_Taus

1833: US and Siam sign a treaty of amity and commerce
http://naturalhistory.si.edu/treasures/frame_exhibit_gallery1_main.htm

1865: Death of Keisuke Yamanami, Japanese samurai, born in 1833
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yamanami_Keisuke

1881: Birth of Chinese scholar Zhang Shizhao
http://self.gutenberg.org/articles/zhang_shizhao
http://www.thechinastory.org/2013/07/zhang-shizhao-%E7%AB%A0%E5%A3%AB%E9%92%8A-on-appreciating-difference/

Zhang Shizhao

1900: US Secretary of State John Hay announces that all nations to whom he sent notes calling for an ‘open door’ policy in China have essentially accepted his stand.

1902: France and Russia issue a joint declaration that approves the Anglo-Japanese Alliance, but stipulates that they have the right to protect interests in China and Korea
http://www.firstworldwar.com/source/anglojapanesealliance1902.htm

1902-01-30 Anglo-Japanese alliance

1913: Song Jiaoren (Sung Chiao-jen), a founder of the Kuomintang is wounded in an assassination attempt and dies two days later
http://history.cultural-china.com/en/47History7237.html
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/2763.html

1923: Birth of Shaukat Siddiqui, Pakistani author, Journalist and political activist who died on December 18, 2006
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shaukat_Siddiqui

1926: Chiang Kaishek (Jiang Jieshi), then head of the KMT military, launches a coup to take over power in the Guomindang. In the process, he ousted many communists who had been a part of the Guomindang-Communist alliance

1935: Death of Hayami Gyoshu, Japanese painter, born on August 2, 1894
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gyosh%C5%AB_Hayami
https://www.google.fr/search?q=Hayami+Gyoshu&hl=fr&rlz=1G1ACAW_FRFR414&prmd=imvnso&source=lnms&tbm=isch&ei=GWNnT4_mHeGg0QW6_qywCA&sa=X&oi=mode_link&ct=mode&cd=2&ved=0CBQQ_AUoAQ&biw=1192&bih=543

1942: General Douglas MacArthur, at Terowie, South Australia, makes his famous speech regarding the fall of the Philippines, in which he says: « I came out of Bataan and I shall return »

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NEbwuehH35I

1945: The British, with the 19th Indian Division retake Mandalay in Burma
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/british-troops-liberate-mandalay-burma
http://www.burmastar.org.uk/stories/19th-indian-infantry-division/

1945-03-20 Prise de Mandalay

1946: Death of Amir Hamzah, Indonesian poet (Buah Rindu), born on February 28, 1911
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amir_Hamzah

1951: Indonesian army offensive against Darul Islam on Java
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Darul_Islam_Rebellion
http://www.academia.edu/8303411/The_History_of_Darul_Islam_DI_and_Kartosuwiryo

1952: The United States Senate ratifies a peace treaty with restoring of sovereignty for Japan
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Security_Treaty_Between_the_United_States_and_Japan

1956: Indonesian Assembly (DPR) convenes. PNI-Masyumi-NU coalition forms government. Ali Sastroamidjojo is Prime Minister
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ali_Sastroamidjojo

1965: That day, and later in April, fighting broke out between India and Pakistan. Beginning of the Second Indo-Pakistani war with first large scale offensive on August 5

1966: Birth of Alka Yagnik, Indian singer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alka_Yagnik

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hzTz7wUzm8E

1967: Birth of Yukito Kishiro, mangaka
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yukito_Kishiro
http://jajatom.moo.jp/E-top/frame.html

1969: US president Nixon proclaims he will end Vietnam war in 1970

1973: Birth of Jung Woo-sung, Korean actor
http://men.stareastasia.com/jung-woo-sung/

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PswpcCTo6RQ

1977: The Indian Congress Party of Indira Gandhi loses the general elections against the newly founded Janata Party. Morarji Desai is charged to form a new government
http://indianexpress.com/article/india/politics/once-upon-a-poll-sixth-lok-sabha-election-1977/

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XRrL5DT2cag

1980: Birth of Ock Ju-Hyun, South Korean singer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ock_Ju-Hyun
http://gallery.asianfanatics.net/index.php?act=thumbs&aid=2198

1987: Birth of Kangana Ranaut, Indian actress
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kangna_Ranaut

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bog97cmpADs

1990: Ferdinand Marcos’s widows, Imelda Marcos, goes on trial for bribery, embezzlement and racketing
http://www.who2.com/imeldamarcos.html

1990: Birth of Joaquin Maria Gutierrez, Filipino violinist
http://maps.thefullwiki.org/Joaquin_Maria_Gutierrez

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rvL3bzqj3Jg

1991: Khaleda Zia first women to become PM in Bangladesh up to March 1996
http://www.virtualbangladesh.com/culture/people-of-bangladesh/khaleda-zia/

1991-03-20 Khaleda Zia PM

1995: A sarin gas attack on the Tokyo subway kills 12 and wounds 1,300 persons
http://www.nytimes.com/learning/general/onthisday/big/0320.html#article
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/tokyo-subways-are-attacked-with-sarin-gas
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-18455007

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QMWSGwtZslo

2004: Taiwanese President Chen Shui-bian is reelected with less than 30,000 votes (50,11 %) more than Lien Chan (49,89 %)
http://www.taiwandc.org/elec2004.htm
http://www.c-span.org/video/?181926-1/taiwanese-presidential-inauguration

 2004-03-20

2008: Death of Shoban Babu, Indian actor
http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/hyderabad/Telugu-actor-Shobhan-Babu-dead/articleshow/2886201.cms
http://entertainment.oneindia.in/celebs/sobhan-babu/biography.html

 

2009: China’s president Hu Jintao urges North Korea to restart stalled negotiations on dismantling its nuclear program saying he hopes all sides would work to « resolve their differences »
http://english.aljazeera.net/news/asia-pacific/2009/03/200932034959624870.html

2010: Girija Prasad Koirala, the former Nepalese prime minister who brokered the peace deal that ended a bloody 10-year civil war, died at age 85
http://english.aljazeera.net/news/asia-pacific/2010/03/201032010933326692.html
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/8577669.stm

2013: Bangladesh President Zillur Rahman, a veteran ruling party politician named to the largely ceremonial post in 2009, dies in a Singapore hospital
http://www.asiaone.com/News/Latest%2BNews/Singapore/Story/A1Story20130320-410090.html
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/asia/2013/03/2013320123245762582.html
http://bdnews24.com/bangladesh/2013/03/20/zillur-rahman-dies

2013: The United States has violated Pakistan’s sovereignty and destroyed tribal structures with unmanned aerial drone strikes in its counterterrorism near the Afghan border, a UN human rights investigator says http://www.aljazeera.com/news/asia/2013/03/201331523115707202.html

2014: Death of Khushwant Singh, Indian writer who won fame for a book on partition of the subcontinent as well as his once-daring descriptions of sex,
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/2014/03/journalist-khushwant-singh-dies-201432075235300829.html
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-india-26661491

 

Holidays and observances

Japan: Shunbun no Hi, a national holiday

Wars, conflicts and strategy on 20 March in Asian history

1902-01-30 Anglo-Japanese alliance

WARS, CONFLICTS AND STRATEGY ON 20 MARCH IN ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “conflicts and strategy on (date + month) in Asian history”

Updated on March 20, 2017

1602: The Dutch East India Company (VOC) is established
https://www.rijksmuseum.nl/en/explore-the-collection/timeline-dutch-history/1602-trade-with-the-east-voc
http://www.mapsofindia.com/on-this-day/20-march-1602-the-dutch-east-india-company-was-established
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PFbR5mc3AaQ

 VOC

1739: Nader Shah occupies Delhi and sacks the city, stealing the jewel of the Peacock Throne. 30,000 civilians are killed
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nader_Shah’s_invasion_of_Mughal_India
http://www.iranchamber.com/history/afsharids/afsharids.php
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Takht_e_Taus

1902: France and Russia issue a joint declaration that approves the Anglo-Japanese Alliance, but stipulates that they have the right to protect interests in China and Korea
http://www.firstworldwar.com/source/anglojapanesealliance1902.htm

1902-01-30 Anglo-Japanese alliance

1942: General Douglas MacArthur, at Terowie, South Australia, makes his famous speech regarding the fall of the Philippines, in which he says: « I came out of Bataan and I shall return »

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NEbwuehH35I

1945: The British, with the 19th Indian Division retake Mandalay in Burma
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/british-troops-liberate-mandalay-burma
http://www.burmastar.org.uk/stories/19th-indian-infantry-division/

1945-03-20 Prise de Mandalay

1951: Indonesian army offensive against Darul Islam on Java
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Darul_Islam_Rebellion
http://www.academia.edu/8303411/The_History_of_Darul_Islam_DI_and_Kartosuwiryo

1952: The United States Senate ratifies a peace treaty with restoring sovereignty to Japan
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Security_Treaty_Between_the_United_States_and_Japan

1965: That day, and later in April, fighting broke out between India and Pakistan. Beginning of the Second Indo-Pakistani war with first large scale offensive on August 5

 2009: China’s president Hu Jintao urges North Korea to restart stalled negotiations on dismantling its nuclear program saying he hopes all sides would work to « resolve their differences »
http://english.aljazeera.net/news/asia-pacific/2009/03/200932034959624870.html

2013: The United States has violated Pakistan’s sovereignty and destroyed tribal structures with unmanned aerial drone strikes in its counterterrorism near the Afghan border, a UN human rights investigator says http://www.aljazeera.com/news/asia/2013/03/201331523115707202.html

On 20 March in South Asian history

ON 20 MARCH IN SOUTH ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in South Asian history”

Updated on March 20, 2017

1351: Death of Mohammed ibn-Tughluq, sultan of Delhi since 1324. Born in 1290 http://www.newindianexpress.com/education/student/article1377184.ece
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muhammad_bin_Tughluq
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1U8K_XTGoq0

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5I43PJh_aT8

1602: The Dutch East India Company (VOC) is established
https://www.rijksmuseum.nl/en/explore-the-collection/timeline-dutch-history/1602-trade-with-the-east-voc
http://www.mapsofindia.com/on-this-day/20-march-1602-the-dutch-east-india-company-was-established
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PFbR5mc3AaQ

 VOC

1739: Nader Shah occupies Delhi and sacks the city, stealing the jewel of the Peacock Throne. 30,000 civilians are killed
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nader_Shah’s_invasion_of_Mughal_India
http://www.iranchamber.com/history/afsharids/afsharids.php
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Takht_e_Taus

1923: Birth of Shaukat Siddiqui, Pakistani author, Journalist and political activist who died on December 18, 2006
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shaukat_Siddiqui

1945: The British, with the 19th Indian Division retake Mandalay in Burma

http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/british-troops-liberate-mandalay-burma
http://www.burmastar.org.uk/stories/19th-indian-infantry-division/

1945-03-20 Prise de Mandalay

1965: That day, and later in April, fighting broke out between India and Pakistan. Beginning of the Second Indo-Pakistani war with first large scale offensive on August 5

1966: Birth of Alka Yagnik, Indian singer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alka_Yagnik

 

1977: The Indian Congress Party of Indira Gandhi loses the general elections against the newly founded Janata Party. Morarji Desai is charged to form a new government
http://indianexpress.com/article/india/politics/once-upon-a-poll-sixth-lok-sabha-election-1977/

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XRrL5DT2cag

1987: Birth of Kangana Ranaut, Indian actress
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kangna_Ranaut

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bog97cmpADs

1991: Khaleda Zia first women to become PM in Bangladesh up to March 1996
http://www.virtualbangladesh.com/culture/people-of-bangladesh/khaleda-zia/

1991-03-20 Khaleda Zia PM

 2008: Death of Shoban Babu, Indian actor
http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/hyderabad/Telugu-actor-Shobhan-Babu-dead/articleshow/2886201.cms

http://entertainment.oneindia.in/celebs/sobhan-babu/biography.html

 

2010: Girija Prasad Koirala, the former Nepalese prime minister who brokered the peace deal that ended a bloody 10-year civil war, died at age 85
http://english.aljazeera.net/news/asia-pacific/2010/03/201032010933326692.html
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/8577669.stm

2013: Bangladesh President Zillur Rahman, a veteran ruling party politician named to the largely ceremonial post in 2009, dies day in a Singapore hospital

http://www.asiaone.com/News/Latest%2BNews/Singapore/Story/A1Story20130320-410090.html
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/asia/2013/03/2013320123245762582.html

http://bdnews24.com/bangladesh/2013/03/20/zillur-rahman-dies

2013: The United States has violated Pakistan’s sovereignty and destroyed tribal structures with unmanned aerial drone strikes in its counterterrorism near the Afghan border, a UN human rights investigator says http://www.aljazeera.com/news/asia/2013/03/201331523115707202.html

2014: Death of Khushwant Singh, Indian writer who won fame for a book on partition of the subcontinent as well as his once-daring descriptions of sex, aged 99
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/2014/03/journalist-khushwant-singh-dies-201432075235300829.html
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-india-26661491

On 20 March in Southeast Asian history

ON 20 MARCH IN SOUTHEAST ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Southeast Asian history”

Updated on March 20, 2017

1602: The Dutch East India Company (VOC) is established
https://www.rijksmuseum.nl/en/explore-the-collection/timeline-dutch-history/1602-trade-with-the-east-voc
http://www.mapsofindia.com/on-this-day/20-march-1602-the-dutch-east-india-company-was-established
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PFbR5mc3AaQ
 VOC

1736: Birth of Chao Phraya Chakri who founded the current Chakri dynasty in Thailand in April 1782 (Rama I) and died in September 1809
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rama_I

1833: US and Siam sign a treaty of amity and commerce
http://bangkok.usembassy.gov/relation/175usth/timeline-of-u/spotlight-on-treaty-of-amity v
http://naturalhistory.si.edu/treasures/frame_exhibit_gallery1_main.htm

1942: General Douglas MacArthur, at Terowie, South Australia, makes his famous speech regarding the fall of the Philippines, in which he says: « I came out of Bataan and I shall return »

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NEbwuehH35I

1945: The British, with the 19th Indian Division retake Mandalay in Burma

http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/british-troops-liberate-mandalay-burma
http://www.burmastar.org.uk/stories/19th-indian-infantry-division/

1945-03-20 Prise de Mandalay

1946: Death of Amir Hamzah, Indonesian poet (Buah Rindu), born on February 28, 1911
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amir_Hamzah

1951: Indonesian army offensive against Darul Islam on Java
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Darul_Islam_Rebellion
http://www.academia.edu/8303411/The_History_of_Darul_Islam_DI_and_Kartosuwiryo

1956: Indonesian Assembly (DPR) convenes. PNI-Masyumi-NU coalition forms government. Ali Sastroamidjojo is Prime Minister
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ali_Sastroamidjojo

1969: US president Nixon proclaims he will end Vietnam war in 1970

1990: Ferdinand Marcos’s widows, Imelda Marcos, goes on trial for bribery, embezzlement and racketing
http://www.who2.com/imeldamarcos.html

1990: Birth of Joaquin Maria Gutierrez, Filipino violinist
http://maps.thefullwiki.org/Joaquin_Maria_Gutierrez

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rvL3bzqj3Jg

 

On 20 March in Japan’s history

ON 20 MARCH IN JAPAN’S HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Japan’s history”

Updated on March 20, 2017

673: Emperor Tenmu of Japan assumes the Chrysanthemum throne at the Palace of Kiyomihara in Asuka
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emperor_Tenmu

1181: Death of Taira no Kiyomori, famous Japanese general, born in 1118
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taira_no_Kiyomori

1865: Death of Keisuke Yamanami, Japanese samurai, born in 1833
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yamanami_Keisuke

1902: France and Russia issue a joint declaration that approves the Anglo-Japanese Alliance, but stipulates that they have the right to protect interests in China and Korea
http://www.firstworldwar.com/source/anglojapanesealliance1902.htm

1902-01-30 Anglo-Japanese alliance

1935: Death of Hayami Gyoshu, Japanese painter, born on August 2, 1894
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gyosh%C5%AB_Hayami
https://www.google.fr/search?q=Hayami+Gyoshu&hl=fr&rlz=1G1ACAW_FRFR414&prmd=imvnso&source=lnms&tbm=isch&ei=GWNnT4_mHeGg0QW6_qywCA&sa=X&oi=mode_link&ct=mode&cd=2&ved=0CBQQ_AUoAQ&biw=1192&bih=543

1945: The British, with the 19th Indian Division retake Mandalay in Burma

http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/british-troops-liberate-mandalay-burma
http://www.burmastar.org.uk/stories/19th-indian-infantry-division/

1945-03-20 Prise de Mandalay

1952: The United States Senate ratifies a peace treaty with restoring sovereignty to Japan
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Security_Treaty_Between_the_United_States_and_Japan

1967: Birth of Yukito Kishiro, mangaka
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yukito_Kishiro
http://jajatom.moo.jp/E-top/frame.html

1969: Wedding of John Lennon and Yoko ono
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yoko_Ono

1995: A sarin gas attack on the Tokyo subway kills 12 and wounds 1,300 persons
http://www.nytimes.com/learning/general/onthisday/big/0320.html#article
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/tokyo-subways-are-attacked-with-sarin-gas
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-18455007

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QMWSGwtZslo

 

Holidays and observances

Japan: Shunbun no Hi, a national holiday

On 20 March in Chinese history, Hong Kong and Taiwan

ON 20 MARCH IN CHINESE HISTORY, HONG KONG AND TAIWAN

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Chinese history”

Updated on March 20, 2017

1127: Jin troops summon the Song emperor Qinzong and his father Huizong two captured emperors to their camps on a directive from Taizong. Beginning of weeks of looting, rapes, arson and execution of prisoners of war and civilians

1881: Birth of Chinese scholar Zhang Shizhao
http://self.gutenberg.org/articles/zhang_shizhao
http://www.thechinastory.org/2013/07/zhang-shizhao-%E7%AB%A0%E5%A3%AB%E9%92%8A-on-appreciating-difference/

Zhang Shizhao

1900: US Secretary of State John Hay announces that all nations to whom he sent notes calling for an ‘open door’ policy in China have essentially accepted his stand.

1902: France and Russia issue a joint declaration that approves the Anglo-Japanese Alliance, but stipulates that they have the right to protect interests in China and Korea
http://www.firstworldwar.com/source/anglojapanesealliance1902.htm

1902-01-30 Anglo-Japanese alliance

1913: Song Jiaoren (Sung Chiao-jen), a founder of the Kuomintang is wounded in an assassination attempt and dies two days later
http://history.cultural-china.com/en/47History7237.html
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/2763.html

1926: Chiang Kaishek (Jiang Jieshi), then head of the KMT military, launches a coup to take over power in the Guomindang. In the process, he ousted many communists who had been a part of the Guomindang-Communist alliance

2004: Taiwanese President Chen Shui-bian is reelected with less than 30,000 votes (50,11 %) more than Lien Chan (49,89 %)
http://www.taiwandc.org/elec2004.htm
http://www.c-span.org/video/?181926-1/taiwanese-presidential-inauguration
 2004-03-20

 2009: China’s president Hu Jintao urges North Korea to restart stalled negotiations on dismantling its nuclear program saying he hopes all sides would work to « resolve their differences »
http://english.aljazeera.net/news/asia-pacific/2009/03/200932034959624870.html