Monthly Archives: mars 2017

On 31 March in Asian history

1854-03-31 Treaty of Kanagawa

ON 31 MARCH IN ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…), type “On (day + month) in Asian history »

Updated on March 31, 2017

1074: Death of Yorimichi Fujiwara of Japanese regent, born in 992
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fujiwara_no_Yorimichi

1504: Birth of Guru Angad Dev, second Sikh guru who died on March 28, 1552
http://www.sikhiwiki.org/index.php/Guru_Angad_Dev
http://sites.google.com/site/guruangaddev/aboutguruangaddev

1521: The first mass in the Philippines is held on an Easter Sunday in an island named Mazaua (believed to be Limasawa). Limasawa thus became the birthplace of Roman Catholicism in the country
http://philippinehistoryblog.blogspot.fr/2013/05/first-mass-in-philippines.html#!/2013/05/first-mass-in-philippines.html
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_Mass_in_the_Philippines

1521-03-31 First mass

1536: Birth of Ashikaga Yoshiteru, 13th shogun of the Ashikaga shogunate (1546-1565) who died in June 1565
http://wiki.samurai-archives.com/index.php?title=Ashikaga_Yoshiteru

1787: Birth of Siam king Nangklao (Rama III)
http://whattodobangkok.com/thailand-royal-family/king-of-siam-rama-iii/
http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Rama_III

Nangklao Rama III

1854: The commodore Perry and the shogun sign the Convention of Kanagawa opening the Japanese ports of Shimodo and Hakodate to US trade. It will be ratified on February 21, 1855
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Kanagawa
https://www.archives.gov/exhibits/featured-documents/treaty-of-kanagawa

1854-03-31 Treaty of Kanagawa

1860: Death of Evariste Huc, French missionary in China and explorer in Mongolia and Tibet, born on August 1, 1813
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/%C3%89variste_R%C3%A9gis_Huc
http://www.jeanguillemot.com/En/offres/Expedition_Evariste_Huc.htm

1865: Birth of Anandi Gopal Joshi, first Indian female physician who died on February 26, 1887
http://www.thebetterindia.com/10305/lesser-known-facts-behind-india-first-lady-doctor-anandi-joshi/
http://creative.sulekha.com/anandi-gopalrao-joshi-through-her-letters_544652_blog

Anandi Gopal Joshi

1899: Malolos, capital of the First Philippine Republic, is captured by American forces
http://philippineamericanwar.webs.com/americanscapturemalolos.htm

1904: During the British expedition to Tibet, massacre of Chumik Shenko, in which scores of Tibetans are killed by British Maxim guns
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/British_expedition_to_Tibet
http://cdnc.ucr.edu/cgi-bin/cdnc?a=d&d=SFC19040403.2.56

1904-03-31 Massacre de Chumik Shenko

1906: Birth of Sin-Itiro Tomonaga, Japanese Nobel Prize in Physics (1965) who died in July 1979
http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1965/tomonaga-bio.html

Sin-Itiro Tomonaga

1915: Birth of Shoichi Yokoi, Japanese sergent discovered in the jungles of Guam 28 years after the war, who died on September 22, 1997
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shoichi_Yokoi

1932: Birth of Nagisa Oshima, Japanese film director, who died on January 15, 2013
http://www.sensesofcinema.com/2004/great-directors/oshima/

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=amLjzmQwJZ8&feature=related

1934: Birth of Kamala Surayya, Indian poet and author who died on May 31, 2009
http://www.poemhunter.com/kamala-das/biography/
http://www.islamicbulletin.org/newsletters/issue_19/embraced.aspx

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1KUXGRxjPNQ

1936: Birth of Dokumamushi Sandayu, Japanese actor
http://www.imdb.com/name/nm1029098/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sanday%C5%AB_Dokumamushi

1938: Birth of Sheila Dikshit, Chief Minister of Delhi from1998 to 2013, governor of Kerala since March 2014
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sheila_Dikshit

1942: Japanese forces invade Christmas Island, then a British possession
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Christmas_Island
http://www.canberratimes.com.au/entertainment/revolt-on-christmas-island-20120313-1uy5q.html

1944: Japanese Navy Marshal Mineichi Koga dies in the crash of his plane
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mineichi_Koga

1959: The Dalai Lama who escaped from Lhasa on March 17, arrives to India


http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/march/31/newsid_2788000/2788343.stm
http://www.rediff.com/news/special/an-epic-journey-the-day-the-dalai-lama-came-to-india/20170321.htm
http://www.phayul.com/news/article.aspx?article=The+Dalai+Lama+arrives+in+India+-+2+historical+letters+of+1959&id=38856

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CGHS_T-4geY

1964: Birth of Paul Wong Koon-Chung, Hong Kong musician
http://www.hkcinemagic.com/en/people.asp?id=4859

1968: President Johnson announces the end of the bombings on North Vietnam
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/johnson-announces-bombing-halt

1970: Nine terrorists from the Japanese Red Army hijack Japan Airlines Flight 351 at Tokyo International Airport, wielding samurai swords and carrying a bomb
http://www.onthisdeity.com/31st-march-1970-%E2%80%93%C2%A0the-yodo-go-hijack/
http://www.hawaiilibrary.net/articles/japan_airlines_flight_351

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RsB90xXdlOU

1972: Death of Meena Kumari, Indian actress, born on August 1, 1932
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Meena_Kumari
http://www.angelfire.com/film/meenakumari/
http://www.mapsofindia.com/on-this-day/31-march-1972-meena-kumari-legendary-indian-film-actress-died

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Kx6_SiQ9cYI

1975: The important city of Da Nang is definitively controlled by the Vietnamese communists forces
http://partners.nytimes.com/library/world/asia/033075vietnam-danang.html
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/2994.html

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0eC73rZPH3Q

1977: Birth of Toshiya, Japanese musician
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toshiya_(musician)

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sZZTOe4LZJQ

1979: The Chinese authorities put an end on the « Beijing Spring » and arrest around thirty antiestablishment protestors
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beijing_Spring
http://www.brasscheck.com/wei/call.html

1979 Wei Jingsheng arrest

1980: Birth of Maaya Sakamoto, Japanese singer and actress
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maaya_Sakamoto
http://www.animenewsnetwork.com/encyclopedia/people.php?id=527

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f-C9gjmhtxw

1984: Birth of Yanin Vismistananda, Thai actress
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yanin_Vismitananda

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G7J2o2qAcDs

1993: The basic Law of the Special administrative Region of Macau is adopted by the Chinese National Congress, effective in December 1999
http://www.wipo.int/wipolex/en/details.jsp?id=6824
http://www.cecc.gov/resources/legal-provisions/the-basic-law-of-the-macao-macau-special-administrative-region-of-the-prc

1993: Death of Chichay, Filipino actress, born on January 21, 1918
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chichay

1996: In Burma the National Convention is suspended
http://www2.irrawaddy.org/research_show.php?art_id=3564

2002: Death of Moturu Udayam, Indian women’s rights activist, born on October 13, 1924
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moturu_Udayam

2005: Death of Justiniano Montano, Filipino politician, born on September 5, 1905
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Justiniano_Montano

2006: In Sri Lanka, the coalition supporting President Mahinda Rajapakse, The United People’s Freedom Alliance (UPFA) wins 225 of the 266 seats in the parliament. The main opposition party, the UNP gets 33 seats

2012: in Pattani, Thailand, at least 10 people are killed and more than 100 wounded as three bombs detonated in Thailand’s strife-torn far South
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/asia-pacific/2012/03/20123317429173143.html

2014: South Korea returns fire into North Korean waters after the North conducted live-fire drills near disputed sea boundary, with the White House and Kremlin expressing concern over North Korea’s actions and rhetoric
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/asia-pacific/2014/03/rival-koreas-trade-fire-across-sea-border-201433143345118512.html

2014: Death of Irene Fernandez, Malaysian human rights activist, born on April 18, 1946
http://www.nytimes.com/2014/04/02/world/asia/irene-fernandez-champion-of-oppressed-dies-at-67.html?_r=0

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lNTpMJ_KwsI

2014: United Nations judges order Japan to end whale hunts in the Antarctic after dismissing Japanese arguments that the hunting was carried out for scientific research purposes
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/asia/japan/10734305/UN-orders-Japan-to-halt-whaling-in-the-Antarctic.html
http://www.euronews.com/2014/03/31/un-court-bans-japanese-whaling-in-antarctic/
http://news.asiaone.com/news/asia/japan-says-abide-un-courts-antarctic-whaling-ban

2014: A Pakistani court indicts former military ruler Pervez Musharraf for treason, a landmark move in a case seen as a test of civilian authority in a country long dominated by the military
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/asia/pakistan/10733886/Pervez-Musharraf-indicted-for-treason-by-Pakistani-court.html
http://www.voanews.com/content/treason-indictment-for-musharraf/1882742.html

2015: A Thai military court jails a man for 25 years for posting pictures on his Facebook page deemed insulting to Thailand’s monarchy, in one of the toughest such sentences in recent years
http://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/aug/07/man-jailed-for-30-years-in-thailand-for-insulting-the-monarchy-on-Facebook
http://www.reuters.com/article/us-thailand-politics-idUSKBN0MR13720150331

2015: Malaysian police detains a prominent publisher and a website editor on sedition charges, the latest targets in a mounting tally of arrests that a senior opposition politician compared to an infamous 1987 political crackdown
http://worldaffairsjournal.org/content/malaysia-holds-journalists-under-sedition-law
http://www.themalaymailonline.com/what-you-think/article/on-the-arrest-of-tmi-5-foreign-correspondents-club-of-malaysia
http://www.ucanews.com/news/malaysia-arrests-five-journalists-under-sedition-act/73289

2016: Vietnam names veteran lawmaker and senior Communist Party official Nguyen Thi Kim Ngan first chairwoman of National Assembly
https://www.yahoo.com/news/vietnam-names-first-chairwoman-national-assembly-053035894.html
http://www.thanhniennews.com/politics/vietnam-has-first-chairwoman-of-parliament-60751.html

 

Holidays and observances

 Thailand: King Nangklao Memorial Day

Wars, conflicts and strategy on 31 March in Asian history

WARS, CONFLICTS AND STRATEGY ON 31 MARCH IN ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “conflicts and strategy on (date + month) in Asian history”

Updated on March 31, 2017

1854: The commodore Perry and the shogun sign the Convention of Kanagawa opening the Japanese ports of Shimodo and Hakodate to US trade. It will be ratified on February 21, 1855
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Kanagawa
http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/featured_documents/treaty_of_kanagawa/

1854-03-31 Treaty of Kanagawa

1899: Malolos, capital of the First Philippine Republic, is captured by American forces

http://philippineamericanwar.webs.com/americanscapturemalolos.htm

1904: During the British expedition to Tibet, massacre of Chumik Shenko, in which scores of Tibetans are killed by British Maxim guns
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/British_expedition_to_Tibet
http://cdnc.ucr.edu/cgi-bin/cdnc?a=d&d=SFC19040403.2.56

1904-03-31 Massacre de Chumik Shenko

1942: Japanese forces invade Christmas Island, then a British possession
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Christmas_Island
http://www.canberratimes.com.au/entertainment/revolt-on-christmas-island-20120313-1uy5q.html

1968: President Johnson announces the end of the bombings on North Vietnam
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/johnson-announces-bombing-halt

1975: The important city of Da Nang is definitively controlled by the Vietnamese communists forces
http://partners.nytimes.com/library/world/asia/033075vietnam-danang.html
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/2994.html

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0eC73rZPH3Q

2014: South Korea returns fire into North Korean waters after the North conducted live-fire drills near disputed sea boundary, with the White House and Kremlin expressing concern over North Korea’s actions and rhetoric
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/asia-pacific/2014/03/rival-koreas-trade-fire-across-sea-border-201433143345118512.html

On 31 March in South Asian history

ON 31 MARCH IN SOUTH ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in South Asian history”

Updated on March 31, 2017

1504: Birth of Guru Angad Dev, second Sikh guru who died on March 28, 1552
http://www.sikhiwiki.org/index.php/Guru_Angad_Dev
http://sites.google.com/site/guruangaddev/aboutguruangaddev

1865: Birth of Anandi Gopal Joshi, first Indian female physician who died on February 26, 1887
http://www.thebetterindia.com/10305/lesser-known-facts-behind-india-first-lady-doctor-anandi-joshi/
http://creative.sulekha.com/anandi-gopalrao-joshi-through-her-letters_544652_blog

Anandi Gopal Joshi

1904: During the British expedition to Tibet, massacre of Chumik Shenko, in which scores of Tibetans are killed by British Maxim guns
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/British_expedition_to_Tibet
http://cdnc.ucr.edu/cgi-bin/cdnc?a=d&d=SFC19040403.2.56

1904-03-31 Massacre de Chumik Shenko

1934: Birth of Kamala Surayya, Indian poet and author who died on May 31, 2009
http://www.poemhunter.com/kamala-das/biography/
http://www.islamicbulletin.org/newsletters/issue_19/embraced.aspx

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1KUXGRxjPNQ

1938: Birth of Sheila Dikshit, Chief Minister of Delhi from 1998 to 2013, governor of Kerala since March 2014
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sheila_Dikshit

1959: The Dalai Lama who escaped from Lhasa on March 17, arrives to India where he is greeted by Nehru

http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/march/31/newsid_2788000/2788343.stm
http://www.rediff.com/news/special/an-epic-journey-the-day-the-dalai-lama-came-to-india/20170321.htm
http://www.phayul.com/news/article.aspx?article=The+Dalai+Lama+arrives+in+India+-+2+historical+letters+of+1959&id=38856

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CGHS_T-4geY

1972: Death of Meena Kumari, Indian actress, born on August 1, 1932
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Meena_Kumari
http://www.angelfire.com/film/meenakumari/
http://www.mapsofindia.com/on-this-day/31-march-1972-meena-kumari-legendary-indian-film-actress-died

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Kx6_SiQ9cYI

2002: Death of Moturu Udayam, Indian women’s rights activist, born on October 13, 1924
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moturu_Udayam

2006: In Sri Lanka, the coalition supporting President Mahinda Rajapakse, The United People’s Freedom Alliance (UPFA) wins 225 of the 266 seats in the parliament. The main opposition party, the UNP gets 33 seats

2014: A Pakistani court indicts former military ruler Pervez Musharraf for treason, a landmark move in a case seen as a test of civilian authority in a country long dominated by the military
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/asia/pakistan/10733886/Pervez-Musharraf-indicted-for-treason-by-Pakistani-court.html
http://www.voanews.com/content/treason-indictment-for-musharraf/1882742.html

On 31 March in Southeast Asian history

ON 31 MARCH IN SOUTHEAST ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Southeast Asian history”

Updated on March 31, 2017

1521: The first mass in the Philippines is held on an Easter Sunday in an island named Mazaua (believed to be Limasawa). Limasawa thus became the birthplace of Roman Catholicism in the country
http://philippinehistoryblog.blogspot.fr/2013/05/first-mass-in-philippines.html#!/2013/05/first-mass-in-philippines.html
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_Mass_in_the_Philippines

1521-03-31 First mass

1787: Birth of Siam king Nangklao (Rama III)
http://whattodobangkok.com/thailand-royal-family/king-of-siam-rama-iii/
http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Rama_III

Nangklao Rama III

1899: Malolos, capital of the First Philippine Republic, is captured by American forces
http://philippineamericanwar.webs.com/americanscapturemalolos.htm

1968: President Johnson announces the end of the bombings on North Vietnam
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/johnson-announces-bombing-halt

1975: The important city of Da Nang is definitively controlled by the Vietnamese communists forces
http://partners.nytimes.com/library/world/asia/033075vietnam-danang.html
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/2994.html

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0eC73rZPH3Q

1984: Birth of Yanin Vismistananda, Thai actress
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yanin_Vismitananda

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G7J2o2qAcDs

1993: Death of Chichay, Filipino actress, born on January 21, 1918
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chichay

1996: In Burma the National Convention is suspended
http://www2.irrawaddy.org/research_show.php?art_id=3564

2005: Death of Justiniano Montano, Filipino politician, born on September 5, 1905
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Justiniano_Montano

2012: in Pattani, Thailand, at least 10 people are killed and more than 100 wounded as three bombs detonated in Thailand’s strife-torn far South
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/asia-pacific/2012/03/20123317429173143.html

2014: Death of Irene Fernandez, Malaysian human rights activist, born on April 18, 1946
http://www.nytimes.com/2014/04/02/world/asia/irene-fernandez-champion-of-oppressed-dies-at-67.html?_r=0

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lNTpMJ_KwsI

2015: A Thai military court jails a man for 25 years for posting pictures on his Facebook page deemed insulting to Thailand’s monarchy, in one of the toughest such sentences in recent years
http://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/aug/07/man-jailed-for-30-years-in-thailand-for-insulting-the-monarchy-on-facebook
http://www.reuters.com/article/us-thailand-politics-idUSKBN0MR13720150331

2015: Malaysian police detains a prominent publisher and a website editor on sedition charges, the latest targets in a mounting tally of arrests that a senior opposition politician compared to an infamous 1987 political crackdown
http://worldaffairsjournal.org/content/malaysia-holds-journalists-under-sedition-law
http://www.themalaymailonline.com/what-you-think/article/on-the-arrest-of-tmi-5-foreign-correspondents-club-of-malaysia
http://www.ucanews.com/news/malaysia-arrests-five-journalists-under-sedition-act/73289

2016: Vietnam names veteran lawmaker and senior Communist Party official Nguyen Thi Kim Ngan first chairwoman of National Assembly
https://www.yahoo.com/news/vietnam-names-first-chairwoman-national-assembly-053035894.html
http://www.thanhniennews.com/politics/vietnam-has-first-chairwoman-of-parliament-60751.html

 

Holidays and observances

 Thailand: King Nangklao Memorial Day

On 31 March in Japan’s history

1854-03-31 Treaty of Kanagawa

ON 31 MARCH IN JAPAN’S HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Japan’s history”

Updated on March 31, 2017

1074: Death of Yorimichi Fujiwara of Japanese regent, born in 992
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fujiwara_no_Yorimichi

1536: Birth of Ashikaga Yoshiteru, 13th shogun of the Ashikaga shogunate (1546-1565) who died in June 1565
http://wiki.samurai-archives.com/index.php?title=Ashikaga_Yoshiteru

1854: The commodore Perry and the shogun sign the Convention of Kanagawa opening the Japanese ports of Shimodo and Hakodate to US trade. It will be ratified on February 21, 1855
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Kanagawa
https://www.archives.gov/exhibits/featured-documents/treaty-of-kanagawa

1854-03-31 Treaty of Kanagawa

1906: Birth of Sin-Itiro Tomonaga, Japanese Nobel Prize in Physics (1965) who died in July 1979
http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1965/tomonaga-bio.html

Sin-Itiro Tomonaga

1915: Birth of Shoichi Yokoi, Japanese sergent discovered in the jungles of Guam 28 years after the war, who died on September 22, 1997
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shoichi_Yokoi

1932: Birth of Nagisa Oshima, Japanese film director, who died on January 15, 2013
http://www.sensesofcinema.com/2004/great-directors/oshima/

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=amLjzmQwJZ8&feature=related

1936: Birth of Dokumamushi Sandayu, Japanese actor
http://www.imdb.com/name/nm1029098/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sanday%C5%AB_Dokumamushi

1938: Birth of Michiko Nomura, Japanese voice actor
http://www.animenewsnetwork.com/encyclopedia/people.php?id=4633

1942: Japanese forces invade Christmas Island, then a British possession
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Christmas_Island
http://www.canberratimes.com.au/entertainment/revolt-on-christmas-island-20120313-1uy5q.html

1944: Japanese Navy Marshal Mineichi Koga dies in the crash of his plane
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mineichi_Koga

1970: Nine terrorists from the Japanese Red Army hijack Japan Airlines Flight 351 at Tokyo International Airport, wielding samurai swords and carrying a bomb
http://www.onthisdeity.com/31st-march-1970-%E2%80%93%C2%A0the-yodo-go-hijack/
http://www.hawaiilibrary.net/articles/japan_airlines_flight_351 

1977: Birth of Toshiya, Japanese musician
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toshiya_(musician)

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sZZTOe4LZJQ

1980: Birth of Maaya Sakamoto, Japanese singer and actress
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maaya_Sakamoto
http://www.animenewsnetwork.com/encyclopedia/people.php?id=527

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f-C9gjmhtxw

2014: United Nations judges order Japan to end whale hunts in the Antarctic after dismissing Japanese arguments that the hunting was carried out for scientific research purposes
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/asia/japan/10734305/UN-orders-Japan-to-halt-whaling-in-the-Antarctic.html
http://www.euronews.com/2014/03/31/un-court-bans-japanese-whaling-in-antarctic/
http://news.asiaone.com/news/asia/japan-says-abide-un-courts-antarctic-whaling-ban

On 31 March in Chinese history, Hong Kong and Taiwan

1979 Wei Jingsheng arrest

ON 31 MARCH IN CHINESE HISTORY, HONG KONG AND TAIWAN

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Chinese history”

Updated on March 31, 2017

1860: Death of Evariste Huc, French missionary in China and explorer in Mongolia and Tibet, born on August 1, 1813
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/%C3%89variste_R%C3%A9gis_Huc
http://www.jeanguillemot.com/En/offres/Expedition_Evariste_Huc.htm

1904: During the British expedition to Tibet, massacre of Chumik Shenko, in which scores of Tibetans are killed by British Maxim guns
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/British_expedition_to_Tibet
http://cdnc.ucr.edu/cgi-bin/cdnc?a=d&d=SFC19040403.2.56

1904-03-31 Massacre de Chumik Shenko

1959: The Dalai Lama who escaped from Lhasa on March 17, arrives to India

http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/march/31/newsid_2788000/2788343.stm
http://www.rediff.com/news/special/an-epic-journey-the-day-the-dalai-lama-came-to-india/20170321.htm
http://www.phayul.com/news/article.aspx?article=The+Dalai+Lama+arrives+in+India+-+2+historical+letters+of+1959&id=38856

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CGHS_T-4geY

1964: Birth of Paul Wong Koon-Chung, Hong Kong musician
http://www.hkcinemagic.com/en/people.asp?id=4859

1979: The Chinese authorities put an end on the « Beijing Spring » and arrest around thirty antiestablishment protestors
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beijing_Spring
http://www.brasscheck.com/wei/call.html

1979 Wei Jingsheng arrest

1993: The basic Law of the Special administrative Region of Macau is adopted by the Chinese National Congress, effective in December 1999
http://www.wipo.int/wipolex/en/details.jsp?id=6824
http://www.cecc.gov/resources/legal-provisions/the-basic-law-of-the-macao-macau-special-administrative-region-of-the-prc

 

On 30 March in Asian history

1972-03-30 NV lance Nguyen Hue offensive

ON 30 MARCH IN ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…), type “On (day + month) in Asian history »

Updated on March 30, 2017

365: Death by poisoning of Jin Aidi , emperor of the Eastern Jin Dynasty, born in 341
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emperor_Ai_of_Jin

892: Birth of Shi Jingtang, founder of the Later Jin Dynasty who dieed on July 28, 942
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shi_Jingtang
https://khmerpac.com/2015/11/28/shi-jingtang-and-the-khitans/

1010: Birth of Renzong, 4th emperor of the Song dynasty (1022-1063) who died on 30 April 1063
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emperor_Renzong_of_Song

1664: Death of Guru Har Krishan, 8th guru of Sikhism since October 7, 1661, born on July 7, 1656
http://sikhism.about.com/od/guruharkrishan/p/Guru_Har_Krishan.htm

1875: Birth of Jang In-hwan, Korean independence activist, who died on April 24, 1930
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jang_In-hwan

1885: The Battle of Kushka (Afghanistan) triggers the Pandjeh Incident which nearly gives rise to war between the British Empire and Russian Empire
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pandjeh_Incident

1899: Birth of Sharadindu Bandyopadhyay, well known Bengali writer, who died on September 22, 1970
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sharadindu_Bandyopadhyay

1908 : Birth of Devika Rani, Indian legendary actress and first recipient of Dadasaheb Phalke Award, who died on March 9, 1994
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Devika_Rani
https://www.geni.com/people/Devika-Rani-Roerich-Chaudhuri/6000000017936455383

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LcsdK8eK_7Q

1919: Gandhi announces resistance against Rowlatt Act
http://www.indianetzone.com/14/the_rowlatt_act_1919.htm
http://pakistanstory.blogspot.com/2010/04/rowaltt-act-continued-pakistan-movement.html

1940: A pro-Japanese government is set up in Nanjing as Wang Jingwei as its leader
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wang_Jingwei_Government
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/japanese-set-up-puppet-regime-at-nanking
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/3094.html

1941: Birth of Wasim Sajjad, interim prior to elections president of Pakistan in 1993 and 1997
http://storyofpakistan.com/wasim-sajjad

1951: In the Korea War, the United Nations forces cross the 38th parallel. The General MacArthur threatens to attack China

1952: Death of Jigme Wangchuck, Bhutan King, born in 1905
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jigme_Wangchuck

1955: Birth of Marilou Diaz-Abaya, Filipino director, producer, and screenwriter who died on October 8, 2012
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marilou_Diaz-Abaya
http://www.asiancinevision.org/marilou-diaz-abaya-obsessions-and-transitions-a-biographical-survey-16/

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=q4sqRVvFi-g

1956: Prince Sihanouk resigns in protest against US press criticism of his neutralist policy and his recognition of the communist China

1965: During Vietnam War: a car bomb explodes in front of the U.S. Embassy in Saigon, killing 22 and wounding 183 others
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/bomb-explodes-outside-u-s-embassy-in-saigon

1972: In the Vietnam War, the Easter Offensive (Nguyen Hue Offensive) begins after North Vietnamese forces cross into the demilitarized zone (DMZ) of South Vietnam
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/north-vietnamese-launch-nguyen-hue-offensive
http://www.historynet.com/north-vietnamese-armys-1972-eastertide-offensive.htm

http://military.wikia.com/wiki/Easter_Offensive

1972-03-30 NV lance Nguyen Hue offensive

 1979: Deng Xiaoping puts forward the four cardinal principles
http://english.cri.cn/3126/2008/10/31/53s419813.htm
http://academics.wellesley.edu/Polisci/wj/China/Deng/principles.htm
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/3465.html

Deng Xiaoping 1978

1979: Birth of Park Kyung-lim, South Korean comedian and actress
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Park_Kyung-lim

1983: Birth of Tian Hebe, Taiwanese singer and actress
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hebe_Tian
http://yummycelebrities.com/2005/12/30/hebe-tien-profile/

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7fMEHYegH5M

1993: Death of S. M. Pandit, Indian painter, born on March 25, 1916
http://smpanditji.blogspot.fr/
http://www.saffronart.com/sitepages/ArticleDetails.aspx?Articleid=86&PageNo=1
https://www.google.fr/search?q=S.+M.+Pandit&biw=1301&bih=641&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ei=LhIYVc-SC87iapnYgAg&ved=0CAYQ_AUoAQ&dpr=1.05

 S. M. Pandit

1996: Khaleda Zia quits as Bangladesh Prime Minister
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Khaleda_Zia

1997: In Cambodia, an attack against a demonstration of Khmer National Party, led by opposition leader Sam Ramsy, causes at least 16 casualties
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/138764.stm

1997: In India, Congress Party (I) remove its support with no participation to the government of Deve Gowda of Janata dal

2002: Death of Anand Bakshi, Indian lyricist, born on July 21, 1920
http://www.hindilyrics.net/profiles/anand-bakshi.html

2004: Santo Domingo Premier Roosevelt Skerrit announces the establishment of diplomatic relations with Beijing to the detriment of Taipei

2005: Death of O. V. Vijayan, Indian author and cartoonist, born on July 2, 1930
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/O._V._Vijayan
http://www.hindu.com/2005/03/31/stories/2005033106451100.htm
http://www.mapsofindia.com/on-this-day/30-march-2005-o.p.-vijayan-cartoonist-and-malayalam-writer-died

2007: In Taiwan, the opposition demonstrates against the government campaign against Chiang Kai-shek. All his statues and his name have been removed from public places

2008: Death of Dith Pran, Cambodian photographer, born on September 27, 1942 (The Killing Fields)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dith_Pran
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Killing_Fields

2009: Pakistani troops say they have taken control of a police academy after unidentified attackers had overrun the facility, killing up to 50 people and taking many officers hostage
http://english.aljazeera.net/news/asia/2009/03/2009330115046679194.html
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/7971993.stm

2011: South Korea protests after Japan authorized new school textbooks that describe a disputed cluster of rocky islets as Japanese-owned. The outcrops in the Sea of Japan (East Sea) are known as Dokdo in South Korea and Takeshima in Japan, and administered by Seoul
http://www.asiaone.com/News/Latest%2BNews/Asia/Story/A1Story20110330-270966.html

2011: Burma’s military government is officially dissolved after the new president of a civilian-led parliament was sworn in. Senior General Than Shwe, who has ruled Burma for the last two decades, has given up his last official role as head of Burma’s armed forces
http://www.france24.com/en/20110330-burma-swears-president-totally-loyal-junta-thein-sein-myanmar-army-general
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-pacific-12903507

2014: Sri Lanka’s ruling party won local elections, but with smaller than expected margins in a crucial mid-term test for President Mahinda Rajapakse, official results show

2014: Death of Phuntsok Wangyal, Tibetan politician. Born on January 2, 1922
http://www.rfa.org/english/news/tibet/phunwang-03302014141111.html
http://www.matteopistono.com/blog.htm?post=952395
http://www.savetibet.org/phuntsog-wangyal-goranangpa-a-formidable-figure-in-modern-tibetan-history/

2014: More than 100,000 protesters take to the streets of Taiwan’s capital as a two-week-long campaign against a trade pact with China gathers steam, piling further pressure on the island’s leader
http://www.euronews.com/2014/03/30/taiwan-more-than-100000-demonstrate-against-china-trade-deal/

2015: The Philippines military chief says a month long offensive against hard-line Muslim rebels in the south has ended after 139 insurgents were killed, 12 others were captured and their bomb-making strongholds were seized by troops
http://worldaffairsjournal.org/content/philippines-ends-major-offensive-it-says-killed-139-rebels

2015: Myanmar peace negotiators agree the draft text of a historic nationwide ceasefire agreement as the country edges closer to ending decades of conflict between ethnic minority groups and the government
http://www.channelnewsasia.com/news/asiapacific/myanmar-rebels-agree/1757654.html

2015: Malaysia’s government unveil a new anti-terrorism bill that allows lengthy detentions without trial, as worries grow in the Muslim-majority country over the appeal of the extremist Islamic State (IS) group
http://www.ucanews.com/news/malaysia-unveils-anti-terror-bill-aimed-at-islamic-state-supporters/73282
http://www.channelnewsasia.com/news/asiapacific/malaysia-s-opposition/1757474.html

2016: Htin Kyaw, the man chosen by Aung San Suu Kyi to serve as her proxy, is sworn in as Myanmar’s president, becoming the country’s first civilian leader after decades of military rule since 1962
http://www.straitstimes.com/asia/se-asia/htin-kyaw-sworn-in-as-myanmars-first-elected-civilian-president-in-decades
http://www.voanews.com/content/myanmar-swears-in-first-civilian-head-of-state-since-1962/3260795.html
http://www.mmtimes.com/index.php/national-news/19730-transcript-president-u-htin-kyaw-s-inaugural-address.html
http://www.irrawaddy.com/burma/the-faces-of-the-next-five-years-burmas-sworn-in-leadership.html

 

 

Wars, conflicts and strategy on 30 March in Asian history

1972-03-30 NV lance Nguyen Hue offensive

WARS, CONFLICTS AND STRATEGY ON 30 MARCH IN ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “conflicts and strategy on (date + month) in Asian history”

Updated on March 30, 2017

1885: The Battle of Kushka (Afghanistan) triggers the Pandjeh Incident which nearly gives rise to war between the British Empire and Russian Empire
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pandjeh_Incident

1940: A pro-Japanese government is set up in Nanjing as Wang Jingwei as its leader
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wang_Jingwei_Government
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/japanese-set-up-puppet-regime-at-nanking
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/3094.html

1951: In the Korea War, the United Nations forces cross the 38th parallel. The General MacArthur threatens to attack China

1956: Prince Sihanouk resigns in protest against US press criticism of his neutralist policy and his recognition of the communist China

1965: During Vietnam War: a car bomb explodes in front of the U.S. Embassy in Saigon, killing 22 and wounding 183 others
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/bomb-explodes-outside-u-s-embassy-in-saigon

1972: In the Vietnam War, the Easter Offensive (Nguyen Hue Offensive) begins after North Vietnamese forces cross into the demilitarized zone (DMZ) of South Vietnam
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/north-vietnamese-launch-nguyen-hue-offensive
http://www.historynet.com/north-vietnamese-armys-1972-eastertide-offensive.htm

http://military.wikia.com/wiki/Easter_Offensive

1972-03-30 NV lance Nguyen Hue offensive

 2009: Pakistani troops say they have taken control of a police academy after unidentified attackers had overrun the facility, killing up to 50 people and taking many officers hostage
http://english.aljazeera.net/news/asia/2009/03/2009330115046679194.html
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/7971993.stm

2011: South Korea protests after Japan authorized new school textbooks that describe a disputed cluster of rocky islets as Japanese-owned. The outcrops in the Sea of Japan (East Sea) are known as Dokdo in South Korea and Takeshima in Japan, and administered by Seoul
http://www.asiaone.com/News/Latest%2BNews/Asia/Story/A1Story20110330-270966.html

 

On 30 March in South Asian history

ON 30 MARCH IN SOUTH ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in South Asian history”

Updated on March 30, 2017

1664: Death of Guru Har Krishan, 8th guru of Sikhism since October 7, 1661, born on July 7, 1656
http://sikhism.about.com/od/guruharkrishan/p/Guru_Har_Krishan.htm

1885: The Battle of Kushka (Afghanistan) triggers the Pandjeh Incident which nearly gives rise to war between the British Empire and Russian Empire
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pandjeh_Incident

1899: Birth of Sharadindu Bandyopadhyay, well known Bengali writer, who died on September 22, 1970
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sharadindu_Bandyopadhyay

1908 : Birth of Devika Rani, Indian legendary actress and first recipient of Dadasaheb Phalke Award, who died on March 9, 1994
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Devika_Rani
https://www.geni.com/people/Devika-Rani-Roerich-Chaudhuri/6000000017936455383

1919: Gandhi announces resistance against Rowlatt Act
http://www.indianetzone.com/14/the_rowlatt_act_1919.htm
http://pakistanstory.blogspot.com/2010/04/rowaltt-act-continued-pakistan-movement.html

1941: Birth of Wasim Sajjad, interim prior to elections president of Pakistan in 1993 and 1997
http://storyofpakistan.com/wasim-sajjad

1952: Death of Jigme Wangchuck, Bhutan King, born in 1905
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jigme_Wangchuck

1993: Death of S. M. Pandit, Indian painter, born on March 25, 1916
http://smpanditji.blogspot.fr/
http://www.saffronart.com/sitepages/ArticleDetails.aspx?Articleid=86&PageNo=1
https://www.google.fr/search?q=S.+M.+Pandit&biw=1301&bih=641&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ei=LhIYVc-SC87iapnYgAg&ved=0CAYQ_AUoAQ&dpr=1.05

 S. M. Pandit

1996: Khaleda Zia quits as Bangladesh Prime Minister
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Khaleda_Zia

1997: In India, Congress Party (I) remove its support with no participation to the government of Deve Gowda of Janata dal

2002: Death of Anand Bakshi, Indian lyricist, born on July 21, 1920
http://www.hindilyrics.net/profiles/anand-bakshi.html

2005: Death of O. V. Vijayan, Indian author and cartoonist, born on July 2, 1930
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/O._V._Vijayan
http://www.hindu.com/2005/03/31/stories/2005033106451100.htm
http://www.mapsofindia.com/on-this-day/30-march-2005-o.p.-vijayan-cartoonist-and-malayalam-writer-died

2009: Pakistani troops say they have taken control of a police academy after unidentified attackers had overrun the facility, killing up to 50 people and taking many officers hostage
http://english.aljazeera.net/news/asia/2009/03/2009330115046679194.html
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/7971993.stm

2014: Sri Lanka’s ruling party wins local elections, but with smaller than expected margins in a crucial mid-term test for President Mahinda Rajapakse

On 30 March in Southeast Asian history

ON 30 MARCH IN SOUTHEAST ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Southeast Asian history”

Updated on March 30, 2017

1955: Birth of Marilou Diaz-Abaya, Filipino director, producer, and screenwriter who died on October 8, 2012
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marilou_Diaz-Abaya
http://www.asiancinevision.org/marilou-diaz-abaya-obsessions-and-transitions-a-biographical-survey-16/

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=q4sqRVvFi-g

1956: Prince Sihanouk resigns in protest against US press criticism of his neutralist policy and his recognition of the communist China

1965: During Vietnam War: a car bomb explodes in front of the U.S. Embassy in Saigon, killing 22 and wounding 183 others
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/bomb-explodes-outside-u-s-embassy-in-saigon

1972: In the Vietnam War, the Easter Offensive (Nguyen Hue Offensive) begins after North Vietnamese forces cross into the demilitarized zone (DMZ) of South Vietnam
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/north-vietnamese-launch-nguyen-hue-offensive
http://www.historynet.com/north-vietnamese-armys-1972-eastertide-offensive.htm

http://military.wikia.com/wiki/Easter_Offensive

1972-03-30 NV lance Nguyen Hue offensive

 1997: In Cambodia, an attack against a demonstration of Khmer National Party, led by opposition leader Sam Ramsy, causes at least 16 casualties
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/138764.stm

2008: Death of Dith Pran, Cambodian photographer, born on September 27, 1942 (The Killing Fields)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dith_Pran
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Killing_Fields

2011: Burma’s military government is officially dissolved after the new president of a civilian-led parliament was sworn in. Senior General Than Shwe, who has ruled Burma for the last two decades, has given up his last official role as head of Burma’s armed forces
http://www.france24.com/en/20110330-burma-swears-president-totally-loyal-junta-thein-sein-myanmar-army-general
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-pacific-12903507

2015: The Philippines military chief says a month long offensive against hard-line Muslim rebels in the south has ended after 139 insurgents were killed, 12 others were captured and their bomb-making strongholds were seized by troops
http://worldaffairsjournal.org/content/philippines-ends-major-offensive-it-says-killed-139-rebels

2015: Myanmar peace negotiators agree the draft text of a historic nationwide ceasefire agreement as the country edges closer to ending decades of conflict between ethnic minority groups and the government
http://www.channelnewsasia.com/news/asiapacific/myanmar-rebels-agree/1757654.html

2015: Malaysia’s government unveil a new anti-terrorism bill that allows lengthy detentions without trial, as worries grow in the Muslim-majority country over the appeal of the extremist Islamic State (IS) group
http://www.ucanews.com/news/malaysia-unveils-anti-terror-bill-aimed-at-islamic-state-supporters/73282
http://www.channelnewsasia.com/news/asiapacific/malaysia-s-opposition/1757474.html

2016: Htin Kyaw, the man chosen by Aung San Suu Kyi to serve as her proxy, is sworn in as Myanmar’s president, becoming the country’s first civilian leader after decades of military rule since 1962
http://www.straitstimes.com/asia/se-asia/htin-kyaw-sworn-in-as-myanmars-first-elected-civilian-president-in-decades
http://www.voanews.com/content/myanmar-swears-in-first-civilian-head-of-state-since-1962/3260795.html
http://www.mmtimes.com/index.php/national-news/19730-transcript-president-u-htin-kyaw-s-inaugural-address.html
http://www.irrawaddy.com/burma/the-faces-of-the-next-five-years-burmas-sworn-in-leadership.html