Monthly Archives: mars 2017

On 23 March in South Asian history

1940-03-23 Lahore Convention


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Updated on March 3, 2017

1757: During the Anglo-French war, British forces capture Chandernagore fort (in India) from the French

1757-03-23 Capture de Chandernagor par la Royal Navy

1855: Treaty of Peshawar signed, whereby Britain and Afghanistan form alliance against Persia

1889: The Ahmadiyya Muslim Community is established by Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad in Qadian India

1931: Bhagat Singh and Rajguru  Sukhdev, Indian freedom fighters, embrass the gallows during the Indian struggle for independence. Their request to be shot by a firing squad is refused

1940: The Lahore Resolution (qarardad-e-Pakistan) or the then Qarandad-e-Lahore) is put forward at the annual general convention of the India Muslim League calling for a Muslim homeland

1940-03-23 Lahore Convention

1942: In the Indian Ocean, Japanese forces capture the Andaman Islands

1956: Pakistan becomes the first Islamic republic in the world. General governor Iskander Mirza becomes president of the Republic

1956-03-23 Iskander Mirza président

1961: The 14th Dalaï Lama, Tenzin Gyatso refunds the Tibetan medical and astrology Institute at Dharamsala, India

1979: Birth of Emraan Hashmi, Indian actor

1997: First visit of the Dalai Lama to Taiwan. He stress the only religious meaning of this trip but is greeted by President Lee Teng-hui

2000: Death of Antony Padiyara, Indian cardinal, born on February 11, 1921

2003: Abdul Majid Dar, former commander of Hezb-ul-Mujahedeen, the main separatist in Indian Kashmir,who had proposed to dialogue with New Delhi is assassinated

2004: Andhra Pradesh Federation of Trade Unions, linked to the Communist Pary, holds its first conference in Hyderabad

2007: Nepal’s seven ruling political parties and the country’s former Maoist rebels agree to form a joint government, the latest step in ending a decade of civil war

2009: Police of China have arrested nearly 100 monks after what they describe as a riot by hundreds of Tibetans, according to state media

2017 : Tamil writer Ashokamitran passes away


Holidays and observances

Pakistan: Republic Day

On 17 March in South Asian history


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Updated on March 17, 2018

1864: Birth of Joseph Baptista, Indian Home Rule Movement founder who died in 1930

1890: Anglo-Chinese convention of Calcutta (Kolkata), which established the Tibetan renunciation of suzerainty over Sikkim, and delimited the border between Tibet and Sikkim

 1920: Birth of Sheik Mujibur Raman, father of Bangladesh independence (1971), assassinated on August 15, 1975

Sheikh Mujibur Rahman 3

1959: Tenzin Gyatso, the 14th Dalai Lama, flees Lhasa to India

1975: Birth of Puneet Rajkumar, Indian (Kannada) actor, singer and director

1979: Birth of Sharman Joshi, Indian actor

2008: Violence spills over Tibet into neighboring provinces

2009: Seven sharia (Islamic law) courts open in Pakistan’s northwest Swat Valley region as part of a peace agreement signed between tribal leaders and the government last month

2015: Pakistan hang 12 male convicts, the largest number of people executed on the same day since an unofficial moratorium on capital punishment was lifted in December


Holidays and observances

Children’s Day (Bangladesh)

On 10 March in South Asian history

1959-03-10 Début du soulèvement


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Updated on March 10, 2017

1527: Babur wins a great victory at Kanwaha, while his son is pacifying the Gange valley and becomes the absolute master of northern Indian

1735: An agreement between Nadir Shah and Russia is signed near Ganja, Azerbaijan and Russian troops are withdrawn from Baku

1897: Death of Savitribai Phule, Indian poet and social reformer, born on January 3, 1831


1922: In India, Mahatma Gandhi is arrested. He will be tried for sedition and sentenced to six years in prison and released in 1924 for an appendicitis operation

1922-03-10 Gandhi arrêté1923: Birth of Manoranjan Das, Indian playwright who died on February 17, 2013

1939: Birth of Asghar Ali Engineer, Indian social activist and reformist author who died on May 14, 2013

1948: The Indian Union Muslim League is founded by remnants of the old Muslim League

1959: Begining of the Tibetan uprising. Fearing an abduction attempt by China, 300,000 Tibetans surround the Dalai Lama’s palace to prevent his removal

1959-03-10 Début du soulèvement

1967: Birth of Omer Tarin, Pakistani poet and scholar

1999: Death of Kusumagraj, Indian poet, born on February 27, 1912

2015: Pakistan ends death penalty suspension after seven years. It will esume executions for all death penalty offences, months after a moratorium was partially lifted to allow executions of terror convicts


Holidays and observances

Tibetan Uprising Day (For Tibetan independence supporters)


On 10 March in Southeast Asian history


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Updated on March 10, 2017

1830: The Royal Netherlands East Indies Army is created

1906: Birth of Alejandro G. Abadilla, Filipino poet who died on August 26, 1969

1909: By signing the Anglo-Siamese Treaty of 1909, Thailand relinquishes its sovereignty over the Malay states of Kedah, Kelantan, Perlis and Terengganu, which become British protectorates

1909-03-10 anglo-siamese treaty

1917: Batangas is formally founded as one of the Philippines’s earliest encomiendas

1945: Japan declares Vietnam independence

1948: Laos becomes a member of the French Union

1949 : Birth of Sam Rainsy, Cambodian politician

1951: Birth of Gloria Diaz, Filipino actress, Miss Universe 1969

1965: During the Konfrontasi, in Singapore a bomb placed by two Indonesian marines explodes in the Hongkong and Shanghai Bank Building known as MacDonald House. The explosion killed 3 people and injured 33 others

1966: North Vietnamese capture US Green Beret Camp at Ashau Valley

1966-03-10 Fall of A Shau Valley

1966: Military Prime Minister of South Vietnam Nguyen Cao Ky sacked rival General Nguyen Chanh Thi, precipitating large-scale civil and military dissension in parts of the nation

1968: During the Vietnam War, Battle of Lima Site 85, a victorious attack by forces of the Vietnam People’s Army on a clandestine United States base in the neutral Kingdom of Laos

1968-03-10 Lima Site 85

1970: Captain Ernest Medina is charged with My Lai war crimes

1971: Saigon announces that an South Vietnamese offensive in Laos in the purpose to cut the Ho Chi Minh track caused the death of 7,000 communist

1972: Marshal Lon Nol takes all powers in Phnom Penh and becomes President of the Khmer Republic up to the Khmer Rouge victory in April 1975

1974: Last Japanese soldier, Hiroo Onada, a guerilla operating in Philippines, surrenders, 29 years after World War II ended

 1975: North Vietnamese take the larger part of Ban Me Thuot, capital of High-Plateau in South Vietnam

1983: General Suharto, only one candidate is reelected President of Indonesia for the fourth time for five years

1986: Birth of JC de Vera, Filipino Actor

1998: Suharto, only one candidate is reelected unanimously President of Indonesia for the seven time, but will be obliged to resign two months later

2010: Myanmar’s military government announces a new election law that bars Aung San Suu Kyi, the country’s detained opposition leader, from standing in polls expected later this year. The Political Parties Registration Law excludes anyone convicted of a crime from joining a political party and thus, from contesting in elections

2013: Death of Danny Zialcita, Filipino director, producer, and screenwriter, born on November 24, 1939

Danny Zialcita

 2013: Aung San Suu Kyi is re-elected leader of the Burmese National League for Democracy

2015: At least 16 police officers and eight protesters are reportedly hurt, after Myanmar police clashed with students, monks and journalists as they broke up protesters calling for academic freedom

On 3 March in Japan’s history


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Updated on March 3, 2017

724: Empress Genshō abdicates the throne in favor of her nephew Shōmu who becomes 45th emperor of Japan

 724-749 Emperor Shomu

1301: Go-Nijo is enthroned as the 94th Emperor of Japan (up to 1308)

1880: Birth of Yosuke Matsuoka, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Japan (1940-1941) who died on June 26, 1946

1924: Birth of Tomiichi Murayama, former Prime Minister of Japan from 1994 to 1996

Tomiichi Murayama

1942: Ten Japanese warplanes raid the town of Broome, Western Australia, killing more than 100 people

1943: During the Battle of the Bismarck Sea: Australian and American air forces devastate Japanese navy convoy

1945: Manila is retaken by McArthur forces

1951: Birth of Heizo Takenaka, Japanese economist and retired politician

1994: Birth of Umika Kawashima, Japanese actress


Holidays and observances

Hinamatsuri (Dolls Festival) – Japanese celebration day for girls.

On 2 March in Japan’s history



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Updated on March 2, 2018

1074: Death of the Japanese regent Yorimichi Fujiwara, born in 992

Fujiwara Yorimichi

1925: Japan’s House of Representatives recognizes universal adult male suffrage for those over 25 (law will be promulgated on May 5). Universal adult suffrage for both sexes over 20 will be introduced in 1946


1933: Most powerful earthquake in 180 years hit Japan in Sanriku aera

1933-03-02 Sanriku earthquake

1943: U.S. and Australian land-based planes begin an offensive against a convoy of Japanese ships in the Bismarck Sea, in the western Pacific

1955: Birth of Shoko Asahara, Japanese cult leader, condemned to death in 2004, but not yet executed

1962: Birth of Morioka Hiroyuki, Japanese writer

 1972: Death of Japanese painter Kaburaki Kiyokata, born on August 31, 1878

2007: In reply to a US congress resolution asking to the Japanese government to solve the problem of the « comfort women », Prime Minister Shinzo Abe said that nothing prove that they were forced in prostitution