Daily Archives: 12 février 2017

Korean history and culture

31 JANUARY 2017

Korean troops’ killings in Vietnam still unresolved

According to a Vietnamese military report published in the 1980s, South Korean soldiers killed about 5,000 Vietnamese civilians. Some researchers speculate the number could be as high as 9,000
http://www.scmp.com/news/asia/east-asia/article/2066768/korean-troops-killings-vietnam-still-unresolved
http://www.latimes.com/world/asia/la-fg-korea-vietnam-20150516-story.html

31 JANUARY 2017

Rewriting history? South Korea unveils controversial state history textbooks

South Korea’s government on Tuesday unveiled the final version of state-issued school history textbooks despite criticism that they are a throwback to the country’s authoritarian past
http://www.scmp.com/news/asia/east-asia/article/2066836/rewriting-history-south-korea-unveils-controversial-state

Wars, conflicts and strategy on 12 February in Asian history

WARS, CONFLICTS AND STRATEGY ON 12 FEBRUARY IN ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “conflicts and strategy on (date + month) in Asian history”

Updated on February 12, 2017

1593: During the Japanese invasion of Korea, approximately 3,000 Joseon defenders led by general Kwon Yul successfully repel more than 30,000 Japanese forces in the Siege of Haengju
http://www.samuelhawley.com/imjinarticle2.html
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Haengju

1881: Russia imposes new border treaty to China

1895: End of the 23 day siege of Weihaiwei (China) by the Japanese. The sino-japanese war is over
http://history.cultural-china.com/en/34H6639H12255.html
http://history.cultural-china.com/en/34H6639H12256.html
http://sinojapanesewar.com/letter.htm

1895-02-12 Weihaiwei surrender

1904: The Chinese government announced strict neutrality in the Russo-Japanese War
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/1038.html

1927: UK troops arrive in Shanghai to protect the British concession

1955 President Eisenhower sends 1st US advisors to South Vietnam

1966: Sheik Mujibur Rahman announces his famous « six points » in Karachi as election manifesto of Awami League that later led to formation of Bangladesh
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Six_Points

1968: In Vietnam, Phong Nhi and Phong Nhat massacre, by South Korean soldiers
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phong_Nhi_and_Phong_Nhat_massacre
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Phong_Nhi_massacre

1972: Cambodians launch attack to retake Angkor Wat
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/cambodians-launch-attack-to-retake-angkor-wat

1973: The release of U.S. POWs begins in Hanoi as part of the Paris peace settlement
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/release-of-u-s-pows-begins

2003: The United Nations nuclear agency declares North Korea in violation of international treaties. The complaint is sent to the Security Council

2013: North Korea has confirmed that it has carried out its third nuclear test, after international monitors detected seismic activity close to the nation’s nuclear test site.

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/asia/northkorea/9864069/North-Korea-confirms-successful-nuclear-est.html

http://www.euronews.com/2013/02/12/north-korea-confirms-third-nuclear-missile-test/

2014: North and South Korean officials held their highest-level talks since 2007, seeking to forge agreements on divisive US-South Korea military exercises and a planned reunion late this month for families divided by the Korean War
http://www.france24.com/en/20140212-north-south-korea-panmunjom-talks/
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-26131487

On 12 February in South Asian history

ON 12 FEBRUARY IN SOUTH ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in South Asian history”

Updated on February 12, 2017

1502: Vasco de Gama sets sails from Lisbon on his second voyage to India

1824: Birth of Arya Samaj Maha Rishi Dayanand Sarswati, Indian hindu leader who died on October 30, 1883
http://hinduism.about.com/od/gurussaints/a/Maharishi-Swami-Dayanand-Saraswati-1824-1883.htm
http://www.aryasamajjamnagar.org/

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fqat4mBCp50

1919 : Birth of Subhash Mukhopadhyay, Indian poet who died on July 8, 2003
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Subhash_Mukhopadhyay_(poet)

1920: Birth of Pran, Indian actor
http://www.mapsofindia.com/on-this-day/12-february-1920-pran-indian-actor-was-born
http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0695199/bio
http://www.pransikand.com/

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VmFm-WbGL48

1947: Birth of Jamail Singh Bhindranwale, Indian leader of Damdami Taksal (Independentist Sikh), killed by the Indian army on June 6, 1984
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jarnail_Singh_Bhindranwale
http://www.neverforget84.com/sant-jarnail-singh-khalsa-bhindranwale

1966: Sheik Mujibur Rahman announces his famous « six points » in Karachi as election manifesto of Awami League that later led to formation of Bangladesh
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Six_point_movement

1967: Birth of Chitravina N. Ravikiran, Indian composer and musician
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/N._Ravikiran
http://www.ravikiranmusic.com/

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0katJE1BxFM

2002: Pakistan charges three men in the connection with the kidnapping of Wall Street Journal reporter Daniel Pearl in Karachi
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Daniel_Pearl

2009: Veteran Awami League (AL) leader Zillur Rahman is sworn in as Bangladesh’s 19th president
http://indianexpress.com/article/news-archive/print/zillur-rahman-sworn-in-as-bangladeshs-new-president/

2011: An anti-terrorism court judge in Pakistan issues an arrest warrant for Pervez Musharraf, the country’s former military ruler, in connection with the 2007 assassination of Benazir Bhutto
http://english.aljazeera.net/news/asia/2011/02/20112129419939362.html
http://www.english.rfi.fr/asia-pacific/20110212-musharraf-dubs-bhutto-arrest-warrant-ridiculous

On 12 February in Southeast Asian history

ON 12 FEBRUARY IN SOUTHEAST ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Southeast Asian history”

Updated on February 12, 2017

1869: Birth of Kien Phuc, Vietnamese child emperor (1883-1884), poisoned on August 1, 1884
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ki%E1%BA%BFn_Ph%C3%BAc

1915: Birth of Lamberto Vera Avellana, Filipino film and stage director who died on April 8, 1991
http://en.wikipilipinas.org/index.php/Lamberto_V._Avellana
http://kahimyang.info/kauswagan/articles/927/today-in-philippine-history-february-12-1915-lamberto-vera-avellana-was-born-in-bontoc-mountain-province

1922: Birth of Tun Hussein Onn, third Prime Minister of Malaysia from January 1976 to July 1981, who died on May 29, 1990
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hussein_Onn

1947: Panglong agreement between the Burmese government and ethnic minorities, celebrated as Union Day
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Panglong_Agreement

1955 President Eisenhower sends 1st US advisors to South Vietnam

1968: In Vietnam, Phong Nhi and Phong Nhat massacre, by South Korean soldiers
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phong_Nhi_and_Phong_Nhat_massacre
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Phong_Nhi_massacre

1972: Cambodians launch attack to retake Angkor Wat
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/cambodians-launch-attack-to-retake-angkor-wat

1973: The release of U.S. POWs begins in Hanoi as part of the Paris peace settlement
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/release-of-us-pows-begins

1993: Establishment of the Secretariat of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation or APEC in Singapore
https://www.linkedin.com/company/asia-pacific-economic-cooperation-apec-secretariat
http://www.apec.org/About-Us/APEC-Secretariat.aspx

 

Holidays and observances

Myanmar: Union Day

On 12 February in Japan’s history

ON 12 FEBRUARY IN JAPAN’S HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Japan’s history”

Updated on February 12, 2012

1218: Birth of Kujo Yoritsune, the 4th sogun of the Kamakura shogunate of Japan (1226-1244) who died on September 1, 1256
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kujo_Yoritsune

1593: During the Japanese invasion of Korea, approximately 3,000 Joseon defenders led by general Kwon Yul successfully repel more than 30,000 Japanese forces in the Siege of Haengju
http://www.samuelhawley.com/imjinarticle2.html
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Haengju

1895: End of the 23 day siege of Weihaiwei (China) by the Japanese. The sino-japanese war is over
http://history.cultural-china.com/en/34H6639H12255.html
http://history.cultural-china.com/en/34H6639H12256.html
http://sinojapanesewar.com/letter.htm

1895-02-12 Weihaiwei surrender

1904: The Chinese government announced strict neutrality in the Russo-Japanese War
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/1038.html

1920: Birth of Yoshiko Ōtaka, Chinese-Japanese actress, singer, and politician who died on September 7, 2014
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yoshiko_Yamaguchi
http://www.japansociety.org.uk/29953/my-life-as-li-xianglan/

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UeHIONL4cJY

1988: Birth of Nana Eikura, Japanese actress
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nana_Eikura

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LQrVD5_td4s

1996: Death of Japanese novelist Ryotaro Shiba, born on August 7, 1923
http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Ry%C5%8Dtar%C5%8D_Shiba

Shiba Ryotaro

 

On 12 February in Chinese history, Hong Kong and Taiwan

ON 12 FEBRUARY IN CHINESE HISTORY, HONG KONG AND TAIWAN

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Chinese history”

Updated on February 12, 2017

712: Birth of the famous Tang dynasty poet Du Fu who died in 770
https://www.poetryfoundation.org/poems-and-poets/poets/detail/tu-fu
http://www.chinahighlights.com/travelguide/china-history/du-fu.htm
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/1170.html

1876: Birth of Thubten Gyatso, 13th dalai lama who died on December 17, 1933
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thubten_Gyatso,_13th_Dalai_Lama

1881: Russia imposes new border treaty to China

1895: End of the 23 day siege of Weihaiwei (China) by the Japanese. The sino-japanese war is over
http://history.cultural-china.com/en/34H6639H12255.html
http://history.cultural-china.com/en/34H6639H12256.html
http://sinojapanesewar.com/letter.htm

1895-02-12 Weihaiwei surrender

1895: Defeated by the Japanese, Admiral Ding Ruchang commits suicide
http://www.myjapanesehanga.com/home/artists/migata-toshihide-1863-1925/chinese-admiral-ding-ruchang-about-to-commit-suicide-after-surrendering-to-japanese-forces
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ding_Ruchang

1904: The Chinese government announced strict neutrality in the Russo-Japanese War
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/1038.html

1912: Abdication of Chinese Emperor Xuantong (Puyi) the last of Manchu Qing dynasty
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/last-emperor-of-china-abdicates
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/948.html

1912: The Republic of China adopts the Gregorian calendar

1920: Birth of Yoshiko Ōtaka, Chinese-Japanese actress, singer, and politician who died on September 7, 2014 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yoshiko_Yamaguchi
http://www.japansociety.org.uk/29953/my-life-as-li-xianglan/

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UeHIONL4cJY

1927: UK troops arrive in Shanghai to protect the British concession

1936: Birth of Fang Lizhi, famous Chinese astrophysicist and dissident who died on April 6, 2012
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fang_Lizhi
http://www.physics.arizona.edu/~fanglz/

 

On 12 February in Asian history

ON 12 FEBRUARY IN ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…), type “On (day + month) in Asian history »

Updated on February 12, 2017

712: Birth of the famous Tang dynasty poet Du Fu who died in 770
https://www.poetryfoundation.org/poems-and-poets/poets/detail/tu-fu
http://www.chinahighlights.com/travelguide/china-history/du-fu.htm
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/1170.html

1218: Birth of Kujo Yoritsune, the 4th sogun of the Kamakura shogunate of Japan (1226-1244) who died on September 1, 1256
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kujo_Yoritsune

1502: Vasco de Gama sets sails from Lisbon on his second voyage to India

1593: During the Japanese invasion of Korea, approximately 3,000 Joseon defenders led by general Kwon Yul successfully repel more than 30,000 Japanese forces in the Siege of Haengju
http://www.samuelhawley.com/imjinarticle2.html
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Haengju

1824: Birth of Arya Samaj Maha Rishi Dayanand Sarswati, Indian hindu leader who died on October 30, 1883
http://hinduism.about.com/od/gurussaints/a/Maharishi-Swami-Dayanand-Saraswati-1824-1883.htm
http://www.aryasamajjamnagar.org/

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fqat4mBCp50

1869: Birth of Kien Phuc, Vietnamese child emperor (1883-1884), poisoned on August 1, 1884
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ki%E1%BA%BFn_Ph%C3%BAc

1876: Birth of Thubten Gyatso, 13th dalai lama who died on December 17, 1933
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thubten_Gyatso,_13th_Dalai_Lama

1881: Russia imposes new border treaty to China

1895: End of the 23 day siege of Weihaiwei (China) by the Japanese. The sino-japanese war is over
http://history.cultural-china.com/en/34H6639H12255.html
http://history.cultural-china.com/en/34H6639H12256.html
http://sinojapanesewar.com/letter.htm

1895-02-12 Weihaiwei surrender

1895: Defeated by the Japanese, Admiral Ding Ruchang commits suicide
http://www.myjapanesehanga.com/home/artists/migata-toshihide-1863-1925/chinese-admiral-ding-ruchang-about-to-commit-suicide-after-surrendering-to-japanese-forces
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ding_Ruchang

1904: The Chinese government announced strict neutrality in the Russo-Japanese War
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/1038.html

1912: Abdication of Chinese Emperor Xuantong (Puyi) the last of Manchu Qing dynasty
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/last-emperor-of-china-abdicates
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/948.html

1912: The Republic of China adopts the Gregorian calendar

1915: Birth of Lamberto Vera Avellana, Filipino film and stage director who died on April 8, 1991
http://en.wikipilipinas.org/index.php/Lamberto_V._Avellana
http://kahimyang.info/kauswagan/articles/927/today-in-philippine-history-february-12-1915-lamberto-vera-avellana-was-born-in-bontoc-mountain-province

1919 : Birth of Subhash Mukhopadhyay, Indian poet who died on July 8, 2003
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Subhash_Mukhopadhyay_(poet)

1920: Birth of Pran, Indian actor
http://www.mapsofindia.com/on-this-day/12-february-1920-pran-indian-actor-was-born
http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0695199/bio
http://www.pransikand.com/

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VmFm-WbGL48

1920: Birth of Yoshiko Ōtaka, Chinese-Japanese actress, singer, and politician who died on September 7, 2014
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yoshiko_Yamaguchi
http://www.japansociety.org.uk/29953/my-life-as-li-xianglan/

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UeHIONL4cJY

1922: Birth of Tun Hussein Onn, third Prime Minister of Malaysia from January 1976 to July 1981, who died on May 29, 1990
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hussein_Onn

1927: UK troops arrive in Shanghai to protect the British concession

1936: Birth of Fang Lizhi, famous Chinese astrophysicist and dissident who died on April 6, 2012
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fang_Lizhi
http://www.physics.arizona.edu/~fanglz/

1947: Panglong agreement between the Burmese government and ethnic minorities, celebrated as Union Day
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Panglong_Agreement

1947: Birth of Jamail Singh Bhindranwale, Indian leader of Damdami Taksal (Independentist Sikh), killed by the Indian army on June 6, 1984
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jarnail_Singh_Bhindranwale
http://www.neverforget84.com/sant-jarnail-singh-khalsa-bhindranwale

1955 President Eisenhower sends 1st US advisors to South Vietnam

1966: Sheik Mujibur Rahman announces his famous « six points » in Karachi as election manifesto of Awami League that later led to formation of Bangladesh
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Six_point_movement

1967: Birth of Chitravina N. Ravikiran, Indian composer and musician
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/N._Ravikiran
http://www.ravikiranmusic.com/

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0katJE1BxFM

1968: In Vietnam, Phong Nhi and Phong Nhat massacre, by South Korean soldiers
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phong_Nhi_and_Phong_Nhat_massacre
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Phong_Nhi_massacre

1972: Cambodians launch attack to retake Angkor Wat
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/cambodians-launch-attack-to-retake-angkor-wat

1973: The release of U.S. POWs begins in Hanoi as part of the Paris peace settlement
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/release-of-u-s-pows-begins

1985: South Korean legislative elections. The Democratic Justice Party of president Chun Doo-hwan keeps 148 of the 276 seats despite great gains by the opposition

1988: Birth of Nana Eikura, Japanese actress
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nana_Eikura

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LQrVD5_td4s

1992: In The Republic of Mongolia, start of the multi-party system
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Constitution_of_Mongolia

1993: Establishment of the Secretariat of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation or APEC
https://www.linkedin.com/company/asia-pacific-economic-cooperation-apec-secretariat
http://www.apec.org/About-Us/APEC-Secretariat.aspx

1996: Death of Japanese novelist Ryotaro Shiba, born on August 7, 1923
http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Ry%C5%8Dtar%C5%8D_Shiba

Shiba Ryotaro

1997: Hwang Jang-yop, secretary of the Workers’ Party of Korea and a prime architect of North Korea’s Juche doctrine, defects at the South Korean embassy in Beijing along with his aide, Kim Dok-hong
http://edition.cnn.com/WORLD/9702/12/nkorea.defector/
http://connection.ebscohost.com/c/articles/9702200286/shaper-north-korean-defects-bringing-secrets

2002: Pakistan charges three men in the connection with the kidnapping of Wall Street Journal reporter Daniel Pearl in Karachi
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Daniel_Pearl

2003: The United Nations nuclear agency declares North Korea in violation of international treaties. The complaint is sent to the Security Council

2009: Veteran Awami League (AL) leader Zillur Rahman is sworn in as Bangladesh’s 19th president
http://indianexpress.com/article/news-archive/print/zillur-rahman-sworn-in-as-bangladeshs-new-president/

2011: An anti-terrorism court judge in Pakistan issues an arrest warrant for Pervez Musharraf, the country’s former military ruler, in connection with the 2007 assassination of Benazir Bhutto
http://english.aljazeera.net/news/asia/2011/02/20112129419939362.html
http://www.english.rfi.fr/asia-pacific/20110212-musharraf-dubs-bhutto-arrest-warrant-ridiculous

2013: North Korea has confirmed that it has carried out its third nuclear test, after international monitors detected seismic activity close to the nation’s nuclear test site
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/asia/northkorea/9864069/North-Korea-confirms-successful-nuclear-est.html
http://www.euronews.com/2013/02/12/north-korea-confirms-third-nuclear-missile-test/

2014: North and South Korean officials hold their highest-level talks since 2007, seeking to forge agreements on divisive US-South Korea military exercises and a planned reunion late this month for families divided by the Korean War
http://www.france24.com/en/20140212-north-south-korea-panmunjom-talks/
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-26131487

2016: Death of Yan Su, Chinese general and composer, born in 1930
http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/2016-02/12/c_135091646.htm
http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/culture/art/2016-02/13/content_23462374.htm
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yan_Su

 

Holidays and observances

Myanmar Union Day